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  • Author(s):
    Madhav Joshi
    Abstract:

    This report provides an overview of the current implementation status of the Doha Agreement negotiated between the Taliban and the United States on February 29, 2020, using the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM)—a methodology for monitoring and assessing implementation of comprehensive peace agreements developed by the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. The Agreement is divided into three parts containing 14 specific provisions/commitments, of which 11 are anal…

    Date Created:
    2021-03-23
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Craig A. Hart, Alan Hamlet, Tom Purekal
    Abstract:

    Climate change has been slow to enter the public dialogue in the Midwest, but this is changing as local residents are experiencing more volatile weather, extreme temperatures, floods, changing growing seasons, and fewer snow days. The past several decades have witnessed increasingly intense weather extremes, resulting in costly damage throughout the region. In 2019, following a winter arctic air outbreak (“polar vortex”) that delivered near-record low temperatures in many areas (for example, …

    Date Created:
    2020-04-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Cory Smith, Tom Hare
    Abstract:

    Pervasive sexual violence against women and girls in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador (including rape, domestic and sexual servitude, sexual assault, forced disappearances, human trafficking, and even murder) perpetrated by gangs, narco-traffickers, human traffickers, and a machismo culture fueled by corruption and impunity has led to some of the highest rates of violence against women and girls in the world, forcing these women and girls to flee and migrate to the United States. While t…

    Date Created:
    2020-04-15
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Alessandro Fergnani, Swapnil Motghare
    Abstract:

    The majority of studies on the future of work are predictive in nature, often taking a bird’s-eye view that overlooks the importance of local context. This brief presents six scenarios of the futures of work in South Bend that emphasize stress-point events and phenomena in the larger social, political, technological, and economic environment, with a time horizon of 15 years (2035). The scenarios are geographically focused on the city, but refer to the global situation; in the narratives, the …

    Date Created:
    2020-08-15
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    John (Zheng) Wang, Donald Brower, Mark Dehmlow, Anastasia (Nastia) Guimaraes, Melissa Harden, Helen Hockx-Yu, Daniel Johnson, Christina Leblang, Rebecca Leneway, Laurie McGowan, Eric Lease Morgan, Alex Papson
    Abstract:

    In August of 2018, the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) awarded a National Leadership/Planning grant to the University of Notre Dame to investigate the national need for library based topic modelling tools in support of cross-disciplinary discovery systems. The grant would enable our project team to conduct a series of workshops where we could bring together communities of expertise (computer scientists, librarians, disciplinary scholars) from diverse organizations (large and s…

    Date Created:
    2020-12-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Paul Friesen, Ilana Rothkopf, Luis Schenoni, Maggie Shum, Romelia Solano
    Abstract:

    The 2020 election has the potential to be one of the most momentous in modern American history. Challenges to the integrity of the electoral process, threats of violence from extremist groups, and most alarmingly, President Donald Trump’s repeated refusal to guarantee a peaceful power transfer should he lose have created a climate of uncertainty about the election and its aftermath, with worrisome implications for the long-term health of American democracy.

    While these circumstances are unpr…

    Date Created:
    2020-10-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Gerard Powers, Ebrahim Moosa, R. Scott Appleby
    Abstract:

    The bipartisan Global Fragility Act of 2019 mandates strategic coordination across the federal government to strengthen the capacity of the United States to prevent violence and increase stability in areas of the world most vulnerable to conflict. Key agencies must jointly establish a comprehensive 10-year “Global Fragility Strategy” and select priority countries and regions in which to implement the strategy. Among its requirements, the strategy must identify approaches to engage “civil soci…

    Date Created:
    2020-09-21
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Michael Hildreth, Natalie Meyers
    Abstract:

    The FAIR Hackathon Workshop for Mathematics and the Physical Sciences (MPS) February 27-28, 2019 in Alexandria, Virginia brought together forty-four stakeholders in the physical sciences community to share skills, tools and techniques to FAIRify research data. As one of the first efforts of its kind in the US, the workshop offered participants a way to engage with FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable) Data and metrics in the context of a hackathon. The workshop wa…

    Date Created:
    2020-01-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Patrick Calderon, Kathleen Kollman, Mehak Siddiquei, Shuyuan Shen
    Abstract:

    Various migration-related controversies in the United States and the 2015 migrant crisis in Europe have raised questions about destination countries’ treatment of migrants. This report, produced in collaboration with the department of Migration and Refugee Services of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, considers the post-arrival side of immigration enforcement in the United States, Greece, and Germany through a normative lens. It asks: What does it mean for immigration enfo…

    Date Created:
    2019-02-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Thomas V. Merluzzi
    Abstract:

    Abstract This study investigated the effectiveness of a treatment, based on self-regulation theory, to enhance the coping self-efficacy of persons with cancer. The intervention, which is called Mastery Enhancement Therapy (MET), is based on Solution Focused Therapy. MET focuses on mastery experiences to improve the participants’ self-efficacy for coping. The participants, who volunteered for the study, were selected based their less-than-average coping self-efficacy scores and were randomly a…

    Date Created:
    2018-08-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Debra Javeline, Tracy Kijewski-Correa
    Abstract:

    As climate changes, coastal homeowners are potentially crucial actors in reducing the risks to property and human life from rising seas and increased hurricane activity. Absent strict, enforceable regulations mandating retrofitting of existing homes or major changes in homeowner insurance requirements, coastal resilience in a changing climate will largely reflect private, voluntary decisions of millions of individuals. However, research is scarce on the current risk level of U.S. coastal home…

    Date Created:
    2017-12-15
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Julie Braungart-Rieker, Elizabeth Moore, Jen Burke Lefever, Kathy Guajardo
    Abstract:

    Obesity rates in the U.S. for both children and adults are alarmingly high, particularly for those in low-income households. The current project, a partnership between Elkhart and St. Joseph Counties Head Start Consortium and the University of Notre Dame’s William J. Shaw Center for Children and Families, focused on reducing obesogenic home environments for low-income families. Focusing on home environments, particularly for young children, is important because research shows that mothers are…

    Date Created:
    2017-10-31
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report