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  • Author(s):
    Chin, Natalie, Bowling, Laura C., Lee, Charlotte I., Hamlet, Alan F., Pignotti, Garett W., Byun, Kyuhyun, Chaubey, Indrajeet, Kines, Stephen J., Singh, Sarmistha, Neupane, Ram, Ficklin, Darren L., Cherkauer, Keith A., Rahman, Sanoar, Femeena, Pandara Valappil, Williamson, Tanja N.
    Abstract:

    Changes to water resources are critical to all sectors of the economy. Climate change will affect the timing and quantity of water available in the environment as well as have an adverse effect on the quality of that water. Floods, droughts, and changing patterns of water scarcity-when water is not available in sufficient enough quantities or of a suitable quality at the right time to fulfill demand-are all critical factors when considering how and where Indiana will be able to economically d…

    Date Published:
    2021-03-17
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  • Author(s):
    Trouet, Valerie M., Heilman, Kelly A., Belmecheri, Soumaya, Pederson, Neil, McLachlan, Jason S., Berke, Melissa A.
    Abstract:

    Both increases in temperature and changes in precipitation may limit future tree growth, but rising atmospheric CO2 could offset some of these stressors through increased plant Water Use Efficiency (WUE). The net balance between the negative impacts of climate change and positive effects of CO2 on tree growth is crucial for ecotones, where increased climate stress could drive mortality and shifts in range. Here, we quantify the effects of climate, stand structure, and rising CO2 on both annua…

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  • Author(s):
    Bolster, Diogo, Sherman, Thomas, Sole-Mari, Guillem, Sweeney, Matthew R., Vassallo, Daniel, Hyman, Jeffrey
    Abstract:

    While several studies have linked network and in-fracture scale properties to conservative transport behavior in subsurface fractured media, studies on reactive transport cases remain relatively underdeveloped. In this study, we explore the behavior of an irreversible kinetic reaction during the interaction of two solute plumes, one consisting of species A and the other species B. When the plumes converge, these species react kinetically to form a new species C via A + B -> C. This reactiv…

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  • Author(s):
    Davies, Peter A., Fernando, Harindra Joseph S.
    Abstract:

    Don Lamar Boyer, a pioneer of physical modeling of rotating and stratified topographic flows, passed away in Las Vegas, Nevada on June 19, 2020. A visionary in and champion for geophysical and environmental fluid dynamics research, a dedicated mentor and a skilled administrator, he played an influential leadership role in the evolution of laboratory-based research in environmental flows as well as the growth of this journal itselfby providing learned advice to the editors and, on occasion, ac…

    Date Published:
    2021-04-01
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  • Author(s):
    Tank, Jennifer L., Hall, Robert O., Reisinger, Alexander J., Genzoli, Laurel, Baker, Michelle A., Rosi, Emma J.
    Abstract:

    Lotic and lentic ecosystems are traditionally viewed as dominated by either benthic or water column processes. However, mid-sized rivers represent a transition zone where both benthic and water column processes may both contribute substantially to ecosystem dynamics. Ecosystem processes such as gross primary production (GPP), ecosystem respiration (ER), or nutrient uptake, and the relative contribution of the water column to these processes at the reach scale, are poorly understood in non-wad…

    Date Published:
    2021-03-01
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  • Author(s):
    Appiah, Lambert T., Moore, Spencer, Merchant, Anwar T., Davis, Rachel E., Botchway, Marian
    Abstract:

    This study examined whether the frequency of participation in religious activities and seeking care from spiritual and other traditional medicine ™ practitioners were associated with blood glucose (HbA1c) control among urban Ghanaians with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Findings revealed that increased frequency of participation in religious activities was significantly associated with decreased HbA1c levels, whereas increased use of TM practitioners was significantly associated with inc…

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  • Author(s):
    Baldwin, Michael, Hamlet, Alan F., Byun, Kyuhyun, Robeson, Scott M., Widhalm, Melissa
    Abstract:

    Using an ensemble of 10 statistically downscaled global climate model (GCM) simulations, we project future climate change impacts on the state of Indiana (IN) for two scenarios of greenhouse gas concentrations (a medium scenario-RCP4.5 and a high scenario-RCP 8.5) for three future time periods (2020s, 2050s, 2080s). Relative to a 1971-2000 baseline, the projections show substantial changes in temperature (T) for IN, with a change in the annual ensemble mean T for the 2080s RCP8.5 scenario of …

    Date Published:
    2020-12-01
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  • Author(s):
    D. Hastings, M.L. Miranda
    Abstract:

    Community-based operations research (CBOR) is the use of analytical methods with government and organizations in the formal and informal non-profit sector to improve the lives of individuals and communities. The beneficiaries of these methods tend to be localized, as well as members of disadvantaged and underserved groups. Examples of problems amenable to CBOR include: design of public infrastructure such as parks and public art; location of facilities such as homeless shelters or elder care…

    Date Published:
    2012-01-01
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  • Author(s):
    Ramesh Shrestha, Yuxuan Luan, Xiao Luo, Summi Shi, Teng Zhang, Phil Smith, Wei Gong, Michael Bockstaller, Tenfei Luo, Renkun Chen, Kedar Hippalgaonkar, Shen Shen
    Abstract:

    Thermal rectification is an exotic thermal transport phenomenon which allows heat to transfer in one direction but block the other. We demonstrate an unusual dual-mode solid-state thermal rectification effect using a heterogeneous “irradiated-pristine” polyethylene nanofiber junction as a nanoscale thermal diode, in which heat flow can be rectified in both directions by changing the working temperature. For the nanofiber samples measured here, we observe a maximum thermal rectification factor…

    Date Published:
    2020-06
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  • Author(s):
    Eduard Aleksanyan, Ani Aprahamian, Alexander S. Mukasyan, Vachagan Harutyunyan, Khachatur Manukyan
    Abstract:

    Cesium lead iodide with cubic perovskite structure (a-CsPbI3) is gaining sig- nificant interest in photovoltaic applications due to its excellent absorbance of the visible solar light and other attractive optoelectronic properties. However, the synthesis of stable a-CsPbI3 poses a significant challenge. Mechanochemical synthesis is emerging as a suitable method for the preparation of cesium lead halides. This work investigates the ball milling-induced synthesis of cesium lead halides perovski…

    Date Published:
    2020-04
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  • Author(s):
    Ricardo Romer-Moreno, Kimberly Curtis, Thomas Couglin, Maria Mieranda-Vergara, Shourik Dutta, Aishwarya Natarajan, Beth Facchine, Kristen Jackson, Lukas Nystrom, Jun Li, William Kaliney, Glen Niebur, Laurie Littlepage
    Abstract:

    Bone is one of the most common sites for metastasis across cancers. Cancer cells that travel through the vasculature and invade new tissues can remain in a non-proliferative dormant state for years before colonizing the metastatic site. Switching from dormancy to colonization is the rate-limiting step of bone metastasis. Here we develop an ex vivo co-culture method to grow cancer cells in mouse bones to assess cancer cell proliferation using healthy or cancer-primed bones. Profiling soluble f…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Ricardo Romer-Moreno, Kimberly Curtis, Thomas Couglin, Maria Mieranda-Vergara, Shourik Dutta, Aishwarya Natarajan, Beth Facchine, Kristen Jackson, Lukas Nystrom, Jun Li, William Kaliney, Glen Niebur, Laurie Littlepage
    Abstract:

    Bone is one of the most common sites for metastasis across cancers. Cancer cells that travel through the vasculature and invade new tissues can remain in a non-proliferative dormant state for years before colonizing the metastatic site. Switching from dormancy to colonization is the rate-limiting step of bone metastasis. Here we develop an ex vivo co-culture method to grow cancer cells in mouse bones to assess cancer cell proliferation using healthy or cancer-primed bones. Profiling soluble f…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public