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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bâle is the French name for Basel. Originally a Catholic cathedral it is today a reformed Protestant church (munster or minster). Dedicated to the Virgin, it is essentially Late Romanesque or Early Gothic, standing on the foundations of successive Ottonian and Salian buildings, which largely governed its dimensions. It was probably started before a fire of 1185 and it was completed shortly after 1200. The towers, main vault and the upper storeys of the choir, which collapsed in the earthquake…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The hexagonal basin bears six gilded bronze reliefs of the Life of St. John the Baptist, separated by six free-standing bronze Virtues set in shallow marble niches. The center panel is ‘St. John the Baptist brought before Herod’ , the panel to the right is ‘The Feast of Herod.’

    In the early 15th century a new type of font developed. This so-called Renaissance font is approached by a flight of steps, at the top of which is a polygonal, square or round basin, supported on a ped…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The octagonal design of the building, employed in virtually all Early Christian baptisteries, symbolizes the seven days of the week plus the Day of the Resurrection and Eternal Life. The octagonal design extends to the font as well.

    It is called the Orthodox Baptistry to distinguish it from the Arian Baptistry constructed on behest of Ostrogothic king Theodoric some 50 years later. This octagonal structure was built ca. 400-450 as a baptistery for the cathedral and is similar to the baptiste…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Former Benedictine priory church, dedicated to St Nicholas of Tolentino, near Bourg-en-Bresse, Burgundy, France. Situated on an important road linking the northern provinces with Italy, the church was built by Margaret of Austria, who secured the services of artists from the south Netherlands, Burgundy, Italy and France. It is notable for its surviving rood screen and richly carved choir-stalls (1530-1532), executed by Pierre Berchod (called Terrasson). Margaret, her third husband Philibert I…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    It was formerly the seat of the Bishop of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, a bishopric established in the 6th century and abolished under the Concordat of 1801, when its territory was transferred to the Diocese of Quimper. Since 1901, the cathedral is also “Basilique Mineure de l'Annonciation.” It is dedicated to its 6th century founder, the first bishop, Saint Paul Aurelian. The present building however, although on the same site, was built in the 13th century (with later additions). The cat…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dedicated to Notre-Dame, Chartres Cathedral acquired strong associations with the cult of the Virgin. Most of the 12th- and 13th-century sculpture and stained glass survive, to make the cathedral one of the most ‘complete’ medieval buildings in existence. The present cathedral was built after a fire in 1194; of the earlier church only the 11th-century crypt and the 12th-century western block survive. The cathedral, built of limestone, is about 34 m high and 130 m long internally. It h…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The bronze baptismal font (ca. 1225) is evidence of the enduring tradition of bronze casting in Hildesheim. Four kneeling figures representing the paradisiacal rivers of Geon, Tigris, Euphrates and Phison support the bowl of the font. Allegories of Moderation, Bravery, Rectitude and Wisdom appear above them as small half-length figures, surrounded by bands. On the bowl are four relief panels that depict the Crossing of the Red Sea, the Baptism, the Crossing of the Jordan and, as a dedicatory …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01