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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The site of the church was first used in the 9th century by Danes, who built a church dedicated to St. Clement, patron saint of mariners. A medieval church was demolished for the current building. It is situated outside the Royal Courts of Justice on the Strand. The current building was completed in 1682 by Sir Christopher Wren and it now functions as the central church of the Royal Air Force. The steeple was added to the 115 foot tower from 1719-1720 by James Gibbs. It was bombed in WWII, an…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A chapel dedicated to Mary had existed since the early Christian era. By the time of the Aragonese conquest the shrine of the Virgin of the Pillar was an important magnet for pilgrims Indulgences for the embellishment of the shrine were sold as far afield as Germany and Greece in 1297, and most Aragonese monarchs until Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) made bequests. Damián Forment made the main retable (from 1509). The particular devotion of Charles II (reigned 1665-1700) to Nuestra Señora del …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Palazzo del Popolo (begun 1293), later the Palazzo dei Priori , has a remarkable frescoed hall, the Sala dei Notari. In Perugia the magistratura dei Priori, “magistrature of the first citizens”, was established in 1303: the palazzo had been called the Palazzo Nuovo del Popolo (“New Palace of the People”) to that point. Two more bays and a grand entrance portal were added to the piazza façade in 1333-1337, together with the arcaded loggia, where decrees were publicly read. …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The polygonal belltower, on the right of the portal, was rebuilt in 1463-1468 with Florentine-Gothic lines, based on a design by Bernardo Rossellino.

    A church and an abbey in Perugia. The Benedictine monastery was created around 996 over the former cathedral church. Its early patron was Pietro Vincioli (died 1007), a Perugian noble, later canonized. Pope Eugenius IV ordered the transfer of the abbey to the Cassinese Congregation, a reformed Benedictine congregation in 1436. From this point, …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Currently resembling a polygonal tower, it had once two floors. The upper one was demolished when the Rocca Paolina was built. It includes interior Baroque decorations commissioned from 1607. The main altar is made of a 4th century sarcophagus found in 1609. Sant'Ercolano is a patron saint of Perugia and died there in 549.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Torrazzo of Cremona is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Cremona. At 112.7 metres (343 ft 6 in), it is the third tallest brickwork bell tower in the world, completed in 1309. It has an astronomical clock.

    Dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta (Our Lady of the Assumption). The cathedral was begun in 1107 with a plan typical of the Romanesque architecture of the Po valley and consecrated in 1190. It was radically altered in the later 12th century and the 14th to the Lombard Gothic style, with …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Side of cathedral with south porch to the left, apse and dome in center, and towers visible to the right. This external wall is largely 12th century except for the dome (18th century) and porch (added 1453).

    Palermo Cathedral fuses the Latin basilican plan with the centralized Byzantine one. The four corner towers were completed in the 14th century, and the portal of the west façade is dated 1352-1353. In 1426 Antonio Gambara constructed the south portal, with wooden doors (1432) carved by F…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Marian column, erected in 1614 to designs of Carlo Maderno, is the model for numerous Marian columns erected in Catholic countries in thanksgiving for remission of the plague during the Baroque era.

    Situated at the end of the Esquiline Hill and formerly known as S Maria ad Praesepem, S Maria Maggiore was traditionally founded by Pope Liberius (reigned 352-366) and financed by Johannes, a rich citizen, after a miraculous summer snowfall. It is more likely, however, that it was founded in …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The structure was built in the 12th century by William I, the son of Roger II of Sicily, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Naples. With the succession of the Angevins in 1266, Naples was the capital of a great kingdom, and there are records of a further increase in the population: in 1278 there were nearly 30,000 inhabitants. Under Charles I (reigned 1266-1285) Castel Capuano was restored, and the southern stretch of city walls was enlarged. All of the city’s various legal offices and d…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The bell tower is also now altered with clock removed and arches opened. The bell tower is the tallest medieval belfry in Rome. The Fontana dei Tritoni is in the foreground (by Carlo Bizzacheri, 1715)

    The church was built in the 6th century over the remains of the Templum Herculis Pompeiani in the Forum Boarium and of the Statio annonae, one of the food distribution centres of ancient Rome. A substantial restoration was accomplished in 1118-1124 under Alfanus, camerarius of Pope Callixtus II…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The bell tower is also now altered with clock removed and arches opened. The bell tower is the tallest medieval belfry in Rome. The Fontana dei Tritoni is in the foreground (by Carlo Bizzacheri, 1715). The Baroque façade was added by Giuseppe Sardi in 1718 and removed in a restoration of 1894-1899 together with the coat-of-arms of Pope Clement XI. This view must date before 1894.

    The church was built in the 6th century over the remains of the Templum Herculis Pompeiani in the Forum Boarium a…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Looking down into Piazza della Signoria, Loggia dei Lanzi visible in the lower right.

    Originally known as the Palazzo dei Priori and later as the Palazzo della Signoria and Palazzo Ducale, the 13th-century Palazzo Vecchio was built to house the Priori, the leaders of the guilds, following the establishment of the popular government in 1283. The new palace was an architectural statement of the new political order that followed the resolution of the fierce fighting between the Guelph and Ghibe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01