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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The city’s history is barely documented before the late 11th century, however, when Segovia was absorbed into the kingdom of Castile. Its newly acquired importance is illustrated by the extraordinary concentration of 13 Romanesque churches in and around the city. Most are built in a distinctive Segovian style, with tall, narrow, steep-roofed towers and external arcades–more reminiscent of Aragon, or even Lombardy, than of Castile. Parts of San Lorenzo date to the 12th century and retain …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    S Juan de los Caballeros (now Museo Zuloaga) has a nave with an external cloister on the west and south sides, and a large square tower to the south-east. The cloister has fine capitals and a corbel-table, but has been filled in; the interior of the church has been entirely rebuilt. This is one of the earliest of the Romanesque churches that were built in the town. The church now houses an exhibition of the works of the ceramic artist Daniel Zuloaga.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In the late 11th century, Segovia was absorbed into the kingdom of Castile. Its newly acquired importance is illustrated by the extraordinary concentration of 13 Romanesque churches in and around the city. Most are built in a distinctive Segovian style. Parts of San Andrés date to the 12th century including an original apse with colonnettes. The bell tower is of a later date.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Cistercian abbey of Las Huelgas was founded in 1187 by Alfonso VIII of Castile (reigned 1158-1214) and Queen Eleanor. Its site, next to the royal palace, was an unusual choice for a Cistercian foundation; and only aristocratic young women from the kingdom were admitted as nuns. The monastery was wealthy, and for many centuries the abbess played an important part in the economic and political life of Castile. The church is built of limestone and has a cruciform plan with a narrow, projecti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The church forms part of the premises of the monastery of Benedictine nuns, which was founded in the mid-10th century and subsisted as it was until the 19th century (dissolved 1835). The church, which dates from the pre-Romanesque period, preserves part of the 10th century Greek cross and Corinthian capitals. The small bell-tower, called Los Pájaros, is also from the Romanesque period. The Gothic period dates from 1147-1322, with other 16th century additions. The complex was damaged and partl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    La Giralda is the city’s most famous symbol. Its square base is 13.61 metres and a height of 105 metres. It was built as a minaret of the old mosque, although the bell tower and spire top is Renaissance (1568). The name comes from the statue of Faith (a weathervane) which tops the spire. It is one of three remaining Almohad minarets in the world.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Gothic church, Temple de la Madeleine, was built in 1430 after a fire destroyed this section of the old city. Only the Romanesque bell tower survived the fire. The church was heavily restored in the 20th century when the existing, and more modern style, stained glass windows were added. Temple de la Madeleine is located just north of the Cathedral of Geneva. The church played a major role in the Reformation, and calls to mind names such as Jean [John] Calvin, Guillaume Farel or Michel Ser…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. They were made of limestone, but, due to shifting traffic patterns, most have been repositioned and replaced by copies. This fountain is in the original position and has a composite capital with the heads of Herod, Herodias, Salome, and St. John the Baptist, topped with a full figure of St. John the Baptis…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Built on a rocky outcrop 50 metres above the river Sarine (Saane). In 1924 the former parish church became a cathedral. Built in four campaigns between 1283 and 1490. It is a High Gothic pillared basilica with a façade tower (h. 76 m). Its choir, originally rectangular, was rebuilt in polygonal form (1627-1631). The main portal is surmounted by a tympanum depicting the Last Judgement, framed by archivolts with angels, Prophets and Patriarchs. The cathedral has a unique collection of Jugendsti…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally part of a Benedictine convent (destroyed in Napoleonic times). For S Maria in Organo, Sanmicheli designed a stone façade (1547) that was completed only up to the level of the main entablature; above it there would probably have been an attic storey with a pediment at the centre. The composition, with a central portal and side windows, is common to other Veronese churches. The most famous works inside the church are the wood inlays (intarsia) of the choir and sacristy, which depict …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The second design commissioned by Giovanni Rucellai, the spectacular green-and-white patterned stone façade of S Maria Novella, was begun in or soon after 1458, the year in which Rucellai obtained rights of patronage, and was probably completed in 1470. For this project, Alberti was not only faced with the problem of devising a classical scheme for a church with a tall nave and lower side aisles, but he was also required to incorporate the beginnings of an earlier façade. To provide a visual …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The massive Palazzo del Bargello was begun in 1255 and was the seat of the Podestà from 1261. In 1574 it became the headquarters of the Bargello (the chief of police) and subsequently parts of the interior were converted into prison cells. A programme to restore the building was begun in 1857 and two years later, after the collapse of the grand duchy of Tuscany, one of the first acts of the provisional government was to establish a new museum in it for post-Antique works of art other than pai…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01