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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the largest French royal chateaux. Originally a medieval palace, Francis I (1494-1547) commissioned Gilles le Breton to build a palace in the new Renaissance style. Beginning in about 1528, the Gallery Francis I was constructed. The style of decoration developed here became known as the first School of Fontainebleau and became the first great decorated gallery built in France. Fontainebleau has served as a residence for the French monarchs from Louis VII to Napoleon III. It is now a na…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Castelvecchio is a castle in Verona, Italy, built in the 14th century. It is the most important military construction of the Scaliger dynasty that ruled the city in the Middle Ages. The castle is powerful and compact in its size with very little decoration, one of the most prominent examples of Gothic architecture of the age. The fortress was badly damaged during the Napoleonic Wars. Under the later rule of the Austrians the castle was used as barracks and was later restored in 1923.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A massive 14th and 17th century French royal fortress in the town of Vincennes. It had its origins in a hunting lodge and was greatly enlarged, replacing the earlier site, in the later 14th century. It has been a royal residence, a dungeon and is the only fortified château close to central Paris.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Sea Castle was built by the crusaders in the thirteenth century as a fortress of the holy land. It is one of the most prominent historical sites in the port city of Sidon, Lebanon. The castle was largely destroyed by the Mamluks in 1291 to prevent the Crusaders from re-establishing and was restored by Fakhr el-Dine Maan II in the early 17th century. Its current state is largely due to bombardments of Saida in 1840.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The west front consists of the original castellated tower, four storeys in height, its windows enlarged to suit 17th-century taste; a second tower very similar to the first; and the two towers joined by a low screen of two storeys with the entrance gate in the center.

    The palace is adjacent to the 12th-century abbey. The oldest part of the present building is the massive northwest tower, built in 1528-1532 by William Aytoun (active 1598; died ?1643) for James V. Except for this tower, the en…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ward of Caernarfon Castle, showing (from left to right), the Chamberlain’s Tower, and the Eagle Tower.

    Royal fortress and palace in Gwynedd (county), Wales. It was begun in 1283 on the site of a Norman predecessor, and is the most splendid and important of the royal castles built in connection with Edward I’s Welsh wars. The design was intended to convey that, for Edward I, Caernarfon was also a royal palace, the seat of English government in medieval Wales. The combination of po…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The building as seen today is largely the work of Henry,15th Duke of Norfolk (1847-1917) and the restoration project was completed in 1900.

    Founded by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. The Fitzalan Chapel dates from 1390. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries. From the 11th century onward, the castle has served as a hereditary state…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The architecture is French-inspired Renaissance, but the decoration is German in inspiration,and sources for the statues have been found in the work of the German engraver Hans Burgkmair, carried out by Scottish masons.

    Castle in Central region, Scotland. It was built overlooking the River Forth at a strategically important junction of routes by both land and water, where there was the additional advantage of a high volcanic outcrop as a natural setting for the royal castle required to defen…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Royal Palace (ca. 1540) is the main building visible in this view.

    Castle in Central region, Scotland. It was built overlooking the River Forth at a strategically important junction of routes by both land and water, where there was the additional advantage of a high volcanic outcrop as a natural setting for the royal castle required to defend these routes. The first references to a castle are from the reign of Alexander I (reigned 1107-1124), who is known to have built a chapel there. Th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    St George’s Chapel is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in England. It is the spiritual home of the Order of the Garter, established in 1348 by Edward III. Within the chapel are the tombs of ten sovereigns. The organ loft was built during restoration works in the reign of King George III. The design was by Henry Emlyn and it is constructed of Coade stone (an artificial stone).

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The castle remains centered on the motte or artificial hill on which William the Conqueror built the first castle. Henry II constructed the Round Tower and the original stone outer wall, ca. 1165.

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The west front consists of the original castellated tower, four storeys in height, its windows enlarged to suit 17th-century taste; a second tower very similar to the first; and the two towers joined by a low screen of two storeys with the entrance gate in the center.

    The palace is adjacent to the 12th-century abbey. The oldest part of the present building is the massive northwest tower, built in 1528-1532 by William Aytoun (active 1598; died ?1643) for James V. Except for this tower, the en…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01