Architectural Lantern Slides of Palestine (includes present-day Israel)

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created in the Ottoman empire’s region known as Palestine in the late 19th and early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include amphitheaters, churches, mosques, ruins, shrines, and temples. The collection includes images from present-day Israel and Palestine.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Churches

Convents

Architecture

Ruins

Mosques

Spatial Coverage

West Bank (occupied territory)

Bethlehem

Sabastiyah

Lod HaMerkaz

Haifa

Palestine

Israel

Jerusalem

Tavor Har

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Collection: Architectural Lantern Slides of Palestine (includes present-day Israel) remove × Type of Work: Doctoral Dissertation OR Master's Thesis OR Image remove ×
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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    View shows hanging lamps and chandeliers covered and a partial wall standing before the iconostasis; this has been removed.

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim veneration for Jesus’s birthplace probably explains why the church escaped destruction during the reign of Caliph al-Ḥāk…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave that tradition marks as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The first basilica on this site (destroyed 529) was begun by Saint Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine I. The current basilica was rebuilt in its present form in 565 by the Emperor Justinian I. Muslim veneration for Jesus’s birthplace probably explains why the church escaped destruction during the reign of Caliph al-Ḥāk…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This does not seem to line up with current images of the church, which is quite plain.

    To accommodate the thousands of pilgrims who arrived annually in the Crusader period many new churches and buildings were built, including the church of St. Anne (1140; restored 19th century). It was erected over the traditional site of the birthplace of Anne (Hannah), the mother of Mary and completed in 1138 by Arda, widow of Baldwin I, the first titled king of Jerusalem. It stands near the beginning of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The major shrine for the fourth century martyr Saint George. The present Greek Orthodox church (1870) was built over the site of an early Christian church (destroyed) and incorporates a 15th century Byzantine basilica. It occupies the north end of the nave and left-hand aisle of the earlier church, from which there survive two apses that face north rather than east, as was customary. The Ottoman authorities stipulated in 1870 that part of the plot be made available for a mosque. Consequently …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Other than some restoration work, its appearance has essentially not changed since 1854. The same small ladder below the top-right window is also visible in recent photographs; this has remained in the same position since 1854 over a disagreement to move it.

    After the rediscovery of the Holy Places by Constantine in 326 they immediately became the focus of Christian veneration. Both Calvary (Golgotha) and the Tomb of Christ were isolated by cutting away the surrounding rock and earth, making…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Other than some restoration work, its appearance has essentially not changed since 1854. The same small ladder below the top-right window is also visible in recent photographs; this has remained in the same position since 1854 over a disagreement to move it.

    After the rediscovery of the Holy Places by Constantine in 326 they immediately became the focus of Christian veneration. Both Calvary (Golgotha) and the Tomb of Christ were isolated by cutting away the surrounding rock and earth, making…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Chapel of Saint Helena (mother of Constantine) is a 12th century Armenian church in the lower level of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

    After the rediscovery of the Holy Places by Constantine in 326 they immediately became the focus of Christian veneration. Both Calvary (Golgotha) and the Tomb of Christ were isolated by cutting away the surrounding rock and earth, making them free-standing blocks. Between 326 and 337 the Tomb of Christ was surrounded by the so-called Anastasis (Resurrec…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    After the rediscovery of the Holy Places by Constantine in 326 they immediately became the focus of Christian veneration. Both Calvary (Golgotha) and the Tomb of Christ were isolated by cutting away the surrounding rock and earth, making them free-standing blocks. Between 326 and 337 the Tomb of Christ was surrounded by the so-called Anastasis (Resurrection) Rotunda. Rebuilding occurred in 1048. When the crusaders conquered Jerusalem in 1099 their immediate concern was to restore and beautify…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01