Architectural Lantern Slides of Switzerland

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created in Switzerland during the late 19th or early 20th century. Image subjects include castles, churches, cathedrals, and public buildings. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Some images include people and fashions of the time.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Cathedrals

Castles

Churches

Fountains

Architecture

City halls

Spatial Coverage

Switzerland

Fribourg

Lausanne

Schaffhausen

Bern

Geneva

Luzern

Basel

Zurich

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally a Catholic cathedral and today a Reformed Protestant church, Basel Minster was built between 1019 and 1500 in Romanesque and Gothic styles. The late Romanesque building, destroyed by the 1356 Basel earthquake, was rebuilt by Johannes Gmünd, who was at the same time employed for building the Freiburg Münster. Ulrich von Ensingen, architect of the towers at the Ulm Minster and the Strasbourg Cathedral, extended the building from 1421. Hans von Nußdorf completed the southern tower in …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Construction of the Cathedral began as early as 1170. Twenty years later construction was restarted until 1215. Finally a third engineer, Jean Cotereel, completed the majority of the existing cathedral including a porch, and two towers, one of which is the current day belfry. The cathedral was consecrated and dedicated to Our Lady in 1275 by Pope Gregory X.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    St. Francis church is a Protestant church located in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was begun in 1258 but burned in the 1368 city fire. Only the choir is preserved today. The church was rebuilt, the clock tower added and chapels and murals were donated by wealthy families in the 14th and 15th centuries. .

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Located in a tiny village, population 143 (Dec 2009). The original majority language was Romansh (Mistail is the Romansh name.) The church of St. Peter is listed as a Swiss heritage site; it is considered the only largely preserved Carolingian three-apse hall church in Switzerland. The present church was built around 800 AD and belonged to a monastery complex that by 1154 had already been abolished. There are still fragments of Carolingian wall paintings inside.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Gothic church, Temple de la Madeleine, was built in 1430 after a fire destroyed this section of the old city. Only the Romanesque bell tower survived the fire. The church was heavily restored in the 20th century when the existing, and more modern style, stained glass windows were added. Temple de la Madeleine is located just north of the Cathedral of Geneva. The church played a major role in the Reformation, and calls to mind names such as Jean [John] Calvin, Guillaume Farel or Michel Ser…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Lausanne was originally a suffragan of the archbishopric of Lyon (certainly by about the seventh century). The Franciscan church of St. François was built 1258-1272. Throughout the Middle Ages, the church was the heart of a sizable monastic complex sheltered by the southern city wall. The nave had to be fully renovated after Lausanne’s devastating fire in 1368, at which time the clock tower was also added, and chapels and murals were donated by wealthy families in the 14th and 15th centur…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. They were made of limestone, but, due to shifting traffic patterns, most have been repositioned and replaced by copies. This fountain is in the original position and has a composite capital with the heads of Herod, Herodias, Salome, and St. John the Baptist, topped with a full figure of St. John the Baptis…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally a three-aisled Romanesque basilica dating from ca. 1080. Parts of the crypt and some wall paintings survive from this phase. In 1135 it became the abbey church of an Augustinian monastery (dedicated to St. Leonard of Noblac, died 559). The Basel earthquake of 1356 destroyed the monastery and much of the church, which was rebuilt in Gothic style beginning in 1360. A new building program was started in 1481, creating a Gothic hall church. From 1489 Hans Niesenberger the elder worked …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The statue to the left is a monument to Father (Pere) Grégoire Girard (1765-1850), a Jesuit teacher, by Joseph Simon Volmar (erected 1860). The steeple spire has since been altered.

    During the Reformation Fribourg remained Roman Catholic and became a center for the Counter-Reformation. Notre-Dame is a Romanesque church, built at the end of the 12th century, altered in the 18th century, with the addition of a Baroque facade. The interior contains an 18th century Neapolitan nativity scene (cre…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The 18th century was a time of very active secular building in Berne, but the only church building of these years was the Heiliggeistkirche (1726-1729), which is an interesting example of Protestant church building during the Swiss Baroque period with stucco decoration by Joseph Anton Feuchtmayr. [Niklaus Schiltknecht is listed as the architect. The church is on a historic registry.]

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Besides the Cathedral, this is the city’s most important church. It is a Protestant church. The present building dates back to the 15th century, but it was entirely reconstructed from 1850 to 1854 (according to the design of the Swiss poet, architect and author, Johann G. Müller) and now is a basilica in neo-Gothic style. The bell tower is open and may be climbed, to see views of the city.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01