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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Imperial Institute, as it was first known, was established in 1887 (Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee) to promote research which would benefit the Empire. Initially this was strongly biased towards scientific research that supported the industrial and commercial development of the dominions and colonies. The Imperial Institute was located in a building on Exhibition Road, South Kensington, designed by T.E. Collcutt in a Hispano-Renaissance style with strong Moorish motifs and built by J…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    See photographs by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (Library of Congress). http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/prok/

    During the 16th and 17th centuries Yaroslavl’ became one of the largest trading centres in Russia. St. John Chrysostom’s Church is in the Korovniki borough (Korovnitskaya) of Yaroslavl, across the Kotorosl River. The summer Church of Ioann Zlatoust [John Chrysostom] was built in 1649 and has frescos and iconostasis dating from 1732. The team of painters was led …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Church construction and economy in general rebounded in the reign of Alexander III (1881-1894). In thirteen and a half years, the properties of the Russian Orthodox church increased by more than 5,000 places of worship; in 1891 the list expanded with Siberian towns along the emerging Trans-Siberian Railway. Large Neo-Byzantine (the officially endorsed style) cathedrals erected in Russia followed either the single-dome or the five-dome plan. Restoration of historical churches so far has a mixe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The great sacristy has a shallow cruciform plan, surmounted by a dome. Originally designed by Diego de Riaño ca. 1530, work carried on after his death in 1534 under Martín de Gainza and was completed ca. 1544. Designed in the Plateresque style, it houses the treasury. Among the displays are silver reliquaries and monstrances, and artworks by Goya, Murillo, and Zurbarán.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its completion in the 16th century, it supplanted the Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world. Construction began in 1402 on the site of a former mosque which had been converted. The dome has collapsed twice and been rebuilt. There are over 80 chapels including a Capilla Real with the tombs of some royals. The Giralda bell tower is a converted …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shows the many ships in the Bosphorus Strait and the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn in the distance.

    The Bayezid II Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Beyazıt Square area of Istanbul, Turkey, near the ruins of the Forum of Theodosius of ancient Constantinople, commissioned by Bayezid II (1447-1512). The surrounding külliye complex (madrasah, primary school, imaret (public kitchen) and hammam), date from 1501 to 1506. The dome was partially rebuilt after an earthquak…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    It is the third edifice built in the same site. The first one was erected after the Edict of Milan in 313 and destroyed by an earthquake on January 3, 1117. Rebuilt in Romanesque style, this was remodeled during the Renaissance beginning in 1551, until 1754; the façade remained unfinished. The appearance of the medieval church can be seen in the frescoes (1375-1380) by Giusto de’ Menabuoi in the annexed Baptistry.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    It is dedicated to Saint Ambrose of Milan and Saint Charles Borromeo. Its construction was begun in honor of the canonization of St. Charles Borromeo in 1610, under the direction of Onorio Longhi and, after his death, of his son Martino Longhi the Younger. It is chiefly remarkable for introducing such north Italian (Lombard) features as the continuous ambulatory (reminiscent of Milan Cathedral) into the mainstream of Roman architecture. The dome, resembling that of Santi Luca e Martina, was d…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The current edifice is largely a reconstruction from 1498-1504. The dome, built between 1504 and 1508, perhaps on a design by Cozzarelli was built at the expense of the signore of Siena, Pandolfo Petrucci. It has a notable Renaissance portal (1519) by Baldassarre Peruzzi, while the interior houses numerous artworks by artists including Il Sodoma and Francesco Vanni. The sacristy is located where there was once a cloister.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The cupola was probably not included on Michelangelo’s 1547 model, and it was not until 1558 that the carpenters began work on the larger-scale model (1:5; Rome, Vatican, Mus. Stor. A. Tesoro S Pietro) for the drum and dome, which Michelangelo justifiably felt to be the last task of his life (he was then 83). Whereas Bramante and Antonio da Sangallo (ii) had favoured an all'antica single-shell dome, Michelangelo’s was to be composed of two hemispherical shells. His starting-point …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Byzantine dome to the left and Romanesque campanile to the right. The main entry to the church is still through the attached campanile, not through this portico.

    In a Greek–Arab document of 1143, preserved in the archives of the Cappella Palatina, Admiral George of Antioch (a Greek and a principle minister of the Norman King Roger II of Sicily) declares that he has erected the church of S Maria and spared no effort or expense in its decoration. In 1139 a convent of Benedictine nuns was found…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The design of the cupola has been attributed to Palladio. The statue is of Victor Emanuele II (1890) by Augusto Benvenuti.

    The design of the cupola is attributed to Palladio. The cathedral was started in the 11th century and rebuilt in the 15th century. Lorenzo da Bologna started the rebuilding in 1481.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01