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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The name of this four-storey-high gatehouse is from the Old Norse ‘mykla gata’ or ‘great street’, and leads onto Micklegate, the main street. It was the traditional ceremonial gate for monarchs entering the city (from the south), who, in a tradition dating to Richard II in 1389, touch the state sword when entering the gate. A 12th century gatehouse was replaced in the 14th century with a heavy portcullis and barbican (no longer extant). The upper two floors contain living quar…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bristles with decorative forms, and coats of arms in a mix of revival styles including Gothic, Manueline and Mudéjar forms.

    It is a national monument and constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century Romanticism in the world. The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site began as a small shrine and later monastery, built 1493. From 1839 Ferdinand II and Wilhelm Ludwig Eschwege built the Palácio da Pena in a Romantic style, incorporating the remains of the Hieronymite monast…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1348 Yusuf I built the monumental Bab al-Shar'ia (esplanade gate; mistakenly called Justice Gate); that gives access from the south through a four-bend entrance. Its arched marble façade is set between large cubic projections and has a foundational inscription and decorative ceramic panel.

    The palaces of the Alhambra and Generalife form the most important architectural ensemble to survive from the Nasrid period (1232–1492). The walled Alhambra city which sits on a steep hill, comprise…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Dar al-Imara (913-914), the original nucleus of the Alcázar, was built over the old basilica by the Umayyad ruler Abd al-Rahman III (reg 912-961) and was enlarged in the 11th century by a series of fortified walls extending towards the west, which resulted in a new palace complex called Alcázar al-Mubarak, or El Bendito. After the Reconquista the Alcázar became the favourite residence of the monarchs of Castile. Peter the Cruel (reigned 1350-1369) substantially rebuilt (1364-1366) the Alc…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Christ’s entry to Jerusalem on Palm Sunday is depicted in the tympanum of the portal.

    Located in Seville, Andalusia, southern Spain: it is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its completion in the 16th century, it supplanted the Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world. Construction began in 1402 on the site of a former mosque which had been converted. The dome has collapsed twice and been rebuilt. There are over 80 chapels inc…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Sea Gate marks the transition from the old city, the medina, to the new. Just through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bahr and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, transversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (Avenue de France; often referred to by popular press and travel guides as “the Tunisian Champs-Élysées”), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. The gate stands at the point that the Rue …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Description:

    Lantern slides created in Persia, present-day Iran, during the late 19th or early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include palaces, decorative arts, and a mosque. Some images include people and fashions of the time.

  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Two lionesses flank the central column whose significance is much debated. Discovered in 1841 by Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittakis. The site was popularized after Heinrich Schliemann arrived in 1874.

    Site in the north-eastern Peloponnese in southern Greece, 30 km south-west of Corinth. It is renowned for its Late Bronze Age (LBA) palace, tombs and fortifications. In Homeric epic it was the capital city of Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces at Troy, and it now gives its name to the Myc…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The new ‘Roman Agora’ was a large peristyle court with Ionic marble colonnades. Its main propylon (gateway) faced westwards, towards the old Agora, and consisted of four Doric columns with a pediment, carrying a dedicatory inscription to Athena Archegetis (‘the founder’).

    The laying out of Athens’ civic centre, the Agora also dates from the Archaic period. Lying on gently sloping ground north-west of the Acropolis, this vast square served a wide variety of public function…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Michelangelo’s most wilfully eccentric secular design was the Porta Pia (1561-1564). The function of this city gate was to terminate the vista from the Quirinal to the Aurelian walls down Pius IV’s new street the Strada Pia, which was then lined with villas and gardens. In it Michelangelo combined elements of Medieval and Renaissance city-gate tradition with ideas derived from garden and festival architecture, as well as his own rich invention. Thus joky castellation, remnants of rust…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the southern gates in the 3rd-century Aurelian Walls of Rome, Italy. The Ostiense Museum is housed within in the gatehouse. Just to the west is the Pyramid of Cestius, an Egyptian-style pyramid, and beyond that is the Protestant Cemetery. The original name of the gate was Porta Ostiensis because it was located at the beginning of via Ostiense, the road that connected Rome and Ostia. It was enlarged and the towers extended by Honorius. Later, it was renamed to the Italian Porta San Paol…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Porta San Sebastiano is the modern name for the ancient Porta Appia, a gate in the Aurelian Wall of Rome, through which the Via Appia, (now the Via di Porta San Sebastiano at that location), left the city in a southeasterly direction. It was refortified at the end of the 4th century and was again renovated in the sixth century by Belisarius and Narses. The gate, a brick structure with turrets, still stands and has been restored to good condition. Modern traffic flows under it. The gate is nex…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01