Architectural Lantern Slides of Egypt

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created in Egypt under its British colonial occupation in the late 19th or early 20th century. Image subjects include archaeological digs and archaeological sites as well as Cairo mosques. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Some images include people and fashions of the time.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Ruins

Mosques

Temples

Architecture

Pyramids

Spatial Coverage

Aswān

Dandarah

Abu Simbel

Al Karnak

Egypt

Cairo

Idfū

Alexandria

Abydos

Al Uqşur

Luxor

Beni Hassan

Thebes

Philae

Ṣaqqâra

Damietta Banks

Memphis

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Minaret, possibly one of the two minarets of the mosque, which was completed around 1318, built by Sultan Nasir Mohammed ibn Kalaoun.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The marble and mother-of-pearl mosaic decoration of the mihrab, with arched colonnades capped by scallop shells, set the fashion for Mamluk decoration in Cairo even as late as the mausoleum of al-Ashraf Barsbay (1423-1424).

    The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusu…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The papyrus cornices of the upper storeys of the minaret (the uppermost by Qala'un’s son al-Nasir Muhammad) are a most unusual example of Pharaonic motifs in Egyptian Islamic art.

    The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusual four-iwan plan with two vestigial…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusual four-iwan plan with two vestigial iwans on the sides; it anticipates those popular for madrasas in later centuries.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There is a brass clock tower in the middle of the northwestern riwak, which was presented to Muhammad Ali by King Louis Philippe of France in 1845. The clock was reciprocated with the obelisk of Luxor now standing in Place de la Concorde in Paris.

    The mosque erected by Muhammad ‛Ali (reigned 1805-1848) is the most prominent monument in Cairo . Its commanding location on the Citadel enables its soaring twin minarets to be seen throughout the city, and the combination of dome and semi-domes is…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Salah El Din Square: in front is stair to the Citadel gate known as Bab el-Azab, and to the east of the Mosque of Sultan Hassan.

    The mosque built by Mahmud Pasha in 1567 is an early Cairene Ottoman official religious architecture which follows the Mamluk tradition. The positioning of the domed burial chamber behind the prayer hall to face the Citadel and the construction of the minaret on a semicircular buttress protruding from a corner next to the mausoleum show that it used the nearby Madr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The wood and ivory pulpit is original to the mosque, dated 1415.

    Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh, a Burgi, or Circassian, Mamluk, was sultan from 1412 to 1421. The complex includes a mosque, madrasa, mausoleum and khanqah (also khanaqah; living quarters for Sufis). This was the last great hypostyle mosque to be built in Cairo. The minarets carry the name of their architect, al-Mu'allim Muhammad Ibn al-Qazzaz and thus far, this is the only known signature of a Mamluk architect on a building.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shows the confluence of Syrian (Crusader Gothic and Islamic) influences.

    The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusual four-iwan plan with two vestigial iwans on the sides; it anticipates those popular for madrasas in later centuries.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    For centuries after the Islamic conquest in 642 CE Alexandria was the second city of Egypt and perhaps second only to Constantinople in the Mediterranean basin. The mosque was constructed in honour of Sufi Gaber ben Ishaq ben Ibrahim ben Mohammad al-Ansari (born in Fez, Morocco). The mosque directly faces the sea on Port Said St. Medieval Andalucian traveller Ibn Gobair is thought to be buried here.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Part of the complex is a mausoleum located on the street side and containing the graves of Sultan ‘Ala’ al-Din Kuchuk (r. 1341-1342), son of al-Nasir Muhammad, and several of his brothers. This mausoleum, which predates the mosque, is one of the very few Cairene mausolea that follow the street alignment instead of the qibla.

    One of several “blue” mosques in the world, named for blue Iznik tilework of the qibla wall (added later by Ibrahim Agha). The hypostyle mosque of Amir…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In addition to cross-vaults on piers, the mosque has arcades on columns supporting a flat wooden ceiling, probably a later addition.

    One of several “blue” mosques in the world, named for blue Iznik tilework of the qibla wall (added later by Ibrahim Agha). The hypostyle mosque of Amir Aqsunqur was built by the amir, a son-in-law of al-Nasir Muhammad, in 1346-1347. In addition to cross-vaults on piers, the mosque has arcades on columns supporting a flat wooden ceiling, probably a lat…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of several “blue” mosques in the world, named for blue Iznik tilework of the qibla wall (added later by Ibrahim Agha). The hypostyle mosque of Amir Aqsunqur was built by the amir, a son-in-law of al-Nasir Muhammad, in 1346-1347. In addition to cross-vaults on piers, the mosque has arcades on columns supporting a flat wooden ceiling, probably a later addition. Part of the foundation is a mausoleum located on the street side. The original minaret of Aqsunqur and the rectangular mi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public