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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The city fell into decline in the 16th and 17th centuries and was almost entirely destroyed by the great earthquake of 1693; the present centre of Catania, therefore, is distinctly 18th century in aspect, rebuilt according to the plan of the late Baroque architect Giovanni Battista Vaccarini. Vaccarini also designed many of its buildings, notably the cathedral that incorporates the Norman remains (It was originally constructed in 1078-1093, on the ruins of the ancient Roman Achillean Baths, b…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The obelisk was moved to the site by Maderno and Fontana.

    Situated at the end of the Esquiline Hill and formerly known as S Maria ad Praesepem, S Maria Maggiore was traditionally founded by Pope Liberius (reigned 352-366) and financed by Johannes, a rich citizen, after a miraculous summer snowfall. It is more likely, however, that it was founded in the early 5th century by Sixtus III, whose name appears in the mosaics of the triumphal arch in front of the apse. Until the 12th century, when E…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The tower is 98.6 metres (323 ft) tall, and stands alone in a corner of St Mark’s Square, near the front of the basilica. It has a simple form, the bulk of which is a fluted brick square shaft, 12 metres (39 ft) wide on each side and 50 metres (160 ft) tall, above which is a loggia surrounding the belfry, housing five bells. The belfry is topped by a cube, alternate faces of which show the Lion of St. Mark and the female representation of Venice (la Giustizia: Justice). The tower is cappe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01