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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Trafalgar Square is a square in central London. In the 1820s the Prince Regent engaged the landscape architect John Nash to redevelop the area. Nash cleared the square as part of his Charing Cross Improvement Scheme. The present architecture of the square is due to Sir Charles Barry and was completed in 1845. At its centre is Nelson’s Column (1840-1843), which is guarded by four lion statues at its base. Statues and sculptures are on display in the square, including a fourth plinth now di…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This hall church is dedicated to St. Antoninus of Pamiers (San Antolín). It was constructed between the 16th century and the 18th century (over the remains of an older parish church). The nave and the aisles are of Late Gothic style, with numerous chapels, such as the Chapel of the Virgen del Pópolo, with a balcony, which was used to celebrate the mass for all the market traders lodged in the Main Square. When Medina del Campo was Europe’s leading wool trading center, no merchant could se…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The parish church of San Miguel is located in the Plaza Mayor, almost opposite the cathedral. Isabella I was proclaimed queen of Castile in the church of San Miguel de Segovia on December 13, 1474. The church is Romanesque with later Gothic additions. Of particular note are three late Romanesque relief sculptures of the Archangel Michael flanked by St. Peter and St. Paul on the south exterior wall. The altarpiece is Baroque, designed by José de Ferreras (1672).

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Originally a three-aisled Romanesque basilica dating from ca. 1080. Parts of the crypt and some wall paintings survive from this phase. In 1135 it became the abbey church of an Augustinian monastery (dedicated to St. Leonard of Noblac, died 559). The Basel earthquake of 1356 destroyed the monastery and much of the church, which was rebuilt in Gothic style beginning in 1360. A new building program was started in 1481, creating a Gothic hall church. From 1489 Hans Niesenberger the elder worked …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    As Fribourg’s territory expanded, the city’s political influence grew, and by 1478 it was made a free imperial city. The town hall (from 1501), on the site of the Zähringen Fortress (destroyed 15th century), is Late Gothic in style. The ground-plan is trapezoidal, and it was originally a granary. [Hans Felder completed it in 1522. It is located within Fribourg’s Old City and today seats the Cantonal Parliament and Court.]

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Munot is a circular (ring-shaped) 16th century fortification for defense of the canton south of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen. It is surrounded by vineyards and serves as the city’s symbol. It was an artillery fortress overlooking the Rhine river with elevated cannon emplacements. It was already rather militarily outmoded by the time it was built. The city of Schaffhausen came into being at the location where trading ships had to set anchor because the Rhine Falls made it impossible …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The northern gate of the city is the Schwabentor. The tower itself was first mentioned as the “new tower” in 1361, built as a defense against the Swabians. It was later added to in 1555 and 1608. In 1782 it was capped with a Mansard roof and cupola (and clock with chimes); these were destroyed by fire in 1932 and in 1933-1935 it was restored back to an earlier version, with a simple hipped roof.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The building dates from the Middle Ages, when it was constructed for the Arezzo family. The building was largely rebuilt between 1779 and 1788 in the Sicilian Baroque style following its purchase by Baron Guglielmo Beneventano, by the architect Luciano Alì. He transformed the medieval building, which had been used as a seat of local government, into a private house. Built around an enclosed courtyard, the courtyard facades are canted and adorned with twin columns, putti, and statuary. The fac…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    [Santissima Annunziata is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Florence and the mother church of the Servite order.] The most extraordinary and fascinating of Michelozzo’s architectural projects was the tribune of SS Annunziata, Florence. Its unprecedented circular plan with nine radiating chapels served as a presbytery, choir and funerary chapel. From the start of work (1444) the building was criticized by Brunelleschi and other architects, who suggested it was an unsuitable attachment to …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Rome, Italy - Villa di Medici

    A Mannerist villa and an architectural complex with a garden contiguous with the larger Borghese gardens, on the Pincian Hill next to Trinità dei Monti in Rome. The Villa Medici, owned by Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and now property of the French State, has housed the French Academy in Rome since 1803. Ferdinando purchased the villa from Cardinal Giovanni Ricci, and enlarged it to hold his collection of Classical sculpture. The garden fron…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Photograph dates between 1910 and 1914.

    Two columns stand in the Piazza dei Signori. The older one, dating from 1464, a period when Vicenza was controlled by the Venetian Republic, is topped with the winged lion, symbol of St. Mark and of Venice. Giovanni Antonio Amadeo was both an architect (known for city planning) and sculptor, so he may have executed all parts of the column. The second column dates from 1640 and is topped with a statue of Christ the Redeemer to honor Vicenza. Antonio Piz…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The obelisk marked a center, and a granite fountain by Carlo Maderno stood to one side: Bernini made the fountain appear to be one of the foci of the ellipse embraced by his colonnades and eventually matched it on the other side, in 1675, just five years before his death.

    In transforming the small existing piazza, Bernini was expected to cater for several functions. “Four rows of simple and majestic Doric columns (300 in total) all carved from Roman travertine. This forms an oval 650 fe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01