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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The obelisk marked a center, and a granite fountain by Carlo Maderno stood to one side: Bernini made the fountain appear to be one of the foci of the ellipse embraced by his colonnades and eventually matched it on the other side, in 1675, just five years before his death.

    In transforming the small existing piazza, Bernini was expected to cater for several functions. “Four rows of simple and majestic Doric columns (300 in total) all carved from Roman travertine. This forms an oval 650 fe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The obelisk marked a center, and a granite fountain by Carlo Maderno stood to one side: Bernini made the fountain appear to be one of the foci of the ellipse embraced by his colonnades and eventually matched it on the other side, in 1675, just five years before his death.

    In transforming the small existing piazza, Bernini was expected to cater for several functions. “Four rows of simple and majestic Doric columns (300 in total) all carved from Roman travertine. This forms an oval 650 fe…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In transforming the small existing piazza, Bernini was expected to cater for several functions. “Four rows of simple and majestic Doric columns (300 in total) all carved from Roman travertine. This forms an oval 650 feet across the long axis marked by three monuments: positioned laterally by fountains propelling tall jets of water, and in the center, by an Egyptian obelisk that had served as a turning post in the chariot races at the ancient Circus of Nero. As they enter the piazza, the …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Bologne, Italy - Piazza Galileo

    The square in front of the Basilica of San Domenico is paved with pebbles, as it was in medieval times. It was originally the cemetery. The column closest to the church facade is a brickwork column with the bronze statue of St. Dominic (1627) and on the other side of the square (facing Via Giuseppe Garibaldi) is a column in marble, bricks and copper of the Madonna of the Rosary, after a design by Guido Reni (1632), commemorating the end of the plague in the ci…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Broletto is an ancient Italian word, and one meaning refers to a “place where justice is administered”, and is a term used in Northern Italy for early town halls. Sited next to the cathedral to signify the strong bond between the civil power of the City and of the Church. The expansion of the cathedral required the cutting of two arches towards the south (1477) and the closure of a porch on the same side (1514). This meant the separation of the town hall into two separate units, com…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    On the other side of the city from the theatre was the other great venue for spectacles, the Amphitheatre, or Arena, which can be dated to the 3rd decade AD (restored many times since the Middle Ages). The third largest antique amphitheatre in Italy (after Rome’s Colosseum and the arena at Capua), it is surrounded by an almost intact two-tier range of superimposed arches. Four bays of the original outer perimeter wall survive. The arena floor is large (73 x 44 m) and, together with the ca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This pilgrimage church, in which the relics of the Early Christian Bishop Zeno (died 380) are venerated, is one of the most unified of Romanesque ensembles, despite being rebuilt and modified throughout the 12th century. It is set at the northern edge of the town, adjacent to an old cemetery that included the legendary tomb of Pippin, King of the Lombards. The façade of the basilica is rich in stone and bronze sculpture, and the interior, with its trifoliate, late 14th-century ceiling, bears …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The city fell into decline in the 16th and 17th centuries and was almost entirely destroyed by the great earthquake of 1693; the present centre of Catania, therefore, is distinctly 18th century in aspect, rebuilt according to the plan of the late Baroque architect Giovanni Battista Vaccarini. Vaccarini also designed many of its buildings, notably the cathedral that incorporates the Norman remains (It was originally constructed in 1078-1093, on the ruins of the ancient Roman Achillean Baths, b…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The early Renaissance triumphal arch entry is visible on the facade to the right, erected between 1453 and 1467 in honor of the entry of Alfonso I of Aragon.

    The fortified residence was built in 1281 by the architects Pierre de Chaule and Pierre d'Agincourt for Charles I of Anjou (reigned 1266-1285), who elevated Naples to the status of capital of the Kingdom of Sicily and Naples. Maschio Angioino translates as the Angevin Keep. The site combined proximity to the city with direct access …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The sculptures of the rulers of Naples are visible in the niches on the facade.

    [It is one of the four residences used by the Bourbon Kings of Naples during their rule of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies (1730-1860).] The most important royal building scheme of the early 17th century was the completion of the Palazzo Reale by Domenico Fontana and his son Giulio Cesare Fontana ( fl 1593-1627) at the centre of the city. After a first stage of building in 1600-1602, it was continued after Domenico&#…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of the entrances is in the great flanking facade to the Piazza Borghese that is extended by a slightly angled facade leading down Via Borghese towards the river.

    Palazzo Borghese is the main seat of the Borghese family in Rome; it was nicknamed il Cembalo (“the harpsichord”) due to its unusual trazezoidal groundplan. Its entrance facade faces the Fontanella di Borghese, with a great flanking facade in Piazza Borghese and a slightly angled extension down via Borghese to the rive…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The obelisk was moved to the site by Maderno and Fontana.

    Situated at the end of the Esquiline Hill and formerly known as S Maria ad Praesepem, S Maria Maggiore was traditionally founded by Pope Liberius (reigned 352-366) and financed by Johannes, a rich citizen, after a miraculous summer snowfall. It is more likely, however, that it was founded in the early 5th century by Sixtus III, whose name appears in the mosaics of the triumphal arch in front of the apse. Until the 12th century, when E…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01