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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In Pompeii one of the most famous of the luxurious residences, a domus rather than a villa, is the so-called “House of the Vettii”. Its careful excavation has preserved almost all of the wall frescos, which were completed following the earthquake of 62 CE, in the manner art historians term the “Pompeiian Fourth Style.”

    Located SE of Naples at foot of Mount Vesuvius; possibly founded by the Oscans in 6th century BCE; ruled by Samnites, then taken by Rome ca. 80 BCE; was pr…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    On the rear outside wall of the temple directly behind the sanctuary, beneath the two lion-headed waterspouts which drained rainwater from the roof are scenes showing the massive figure of Cleopatra VII and her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion, who became the great queen’s co-regent as Ptolemy XV. At the center of the wall is the large False Door with a gigantic emblem of Hathor, diminished over the centuries by pilgrims who scraped at it to obtain a little of the sacred stone at the point…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A colonnaded street led to the gate with two Roman Nymphaea at the end, immediately in from of the gate.

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The ear…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Four men standing in front of gate give comparative scale.

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The earliest dated inscriptions refer to Ptolemy XII …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Dendara is an Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile about 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its chief artistic monuments are successive temples of the goddess Hathor from the 6th Dynasty (ca. 2325-ca. 2150 BCE) to the 2nd century CE. The Greco-Roman Temple of Hathor is the grandest and most richly decorated of its period. The earliest dated inscriptions refer to Ptolemy XII (reigned 80-58 BCE; 55-51 BCE); its outer hypostyle hall was…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Abydos (Araba al-Madfuna) was the necropolis of This, the seat of the first two Egyptian dynasties. As the country’s most ancient capital, it remained significant throughout Egyptian history, becoming the principal cult centre of Osiris, a funerary deity who embodied the tradition of kingship. It was visited by pilgrims until Roman times (30 BCE-395 CE). The temple complex of Seti I [Sethos I, died 1279 BCE] was built on entirely new ground half a mile to the south. The underground cenota…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Luxor [now al-Uqsr] is the site of a temple dedicated to the god Amun, on the east bank of the Nile, 3 km south of Karnak. It was constructed and decorated primarily during the reigns of Amenophis III [Amenhotep III] and Ramesses II Ramses II. The earliest remains at the site date to the time of Hatshepsut, who built six way-stations for the bark of Amon-Re along the processional avenue bordered by sphinxes that connects Luxor and Karnak. The stone blocks of …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The inner parts of the temple are divided by three columned halls that give on to a number of chambers and suites, including treasuries, cult rooms and chapels of divinities, particularly of the sun-god Re, of Osiris, King of the netherworld, and the King, worshipped in this temple as an aspect of Amun.

    Site of ruins dating from the Early New Kingdom (ca. 1500 BCE) through the Coptic Period (700-800 CE), including the Temple of Amun. Located at the southern end of the Theban necropolis, on t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Site of ruins dating from the Early New Kingdom (ca. 1500 BCE) through the Coptic Period (700-800 CE), including the Temple of Amun. Located at the southern end of the Theban necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. More specifically Medinet Habu is the name commonly given to the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III (known as the “Great Temple” of the site.) The temple itself is the best preserved of its kind in Thebes and exemplifies many of the classic features of a royal mortuary tem…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Site of ruins dating from the Early New Kingdom (ca. 1500 BCE) through the Coptic Period (700-800 CE), including the Temple of Amun. Located at the southern end of the Theban necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. More specifically Medinet Habu is the name commonly given to the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III (known as the “Great Temple” of the site.) The temple itself is the best preserved of its kind in Thebes and exemplifies many of the classic features of a royal mortuary tem…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01