Architectural Lantern Slides of Switzerland

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created in Switzerland during the late 19th or early 20th century. Image subjects include castles, churches, cathedrals, and public buildings. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Some images include people and fashions of the time.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Cathedrals

Castles

Churches

Fountains

Architecture

City halls

Spatial Coverage

Switzerland

Fribourg

Lausanne

Schaffhausen

Bern

Geneva

Luzern

Basel

Zurich

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The column and the statue were sculpted in 1584-1585 by Laurent Perroud from Neuchâtel and his son Jacques, the former having passed away before its completion. Laurent Perroud built a number of fountains throughout western Switzerland. In particular he depicted Justice in Neuchâtel, Soleure and Moudon. The fountain in Lausanne features the typical blindfolded young woman bearing a sword and scales. The Pope, the Emperor, the Grand Turk and a magistrate are bowing in submission at her feet. T…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    About AD 611 Bishop Marius transferred his seat from Avenches to Lausanne, and a cathedral church was mentioned in 814. During the early Middle Ages, particularly in the 11th century, the bishop steadily increased his authority over the city. The medieval city was established from the early Middle Ages on the fortified hill of the Cité. The Cité was occupied by the Bishop’s Palace (from late 10th century; mostly destroyed), and the later episcopal Château-fort de St Maire (from 1397). Fro…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There are over 100 public fountains in the city of Bern of which eleven are crowned with Renaissance allegorical statues. The statues were created during the period of civic improvement that occurred as Bern became a major city-state during the 16th century. Hans Gieng (first mentioned 1525-died 1562) was a Swiss Renaissance sculptor best known for his public fountain figures in the Old Town of Bern as well as Fribourg. Gieng, who was probably of Swabian origin, is recorded to have become a c…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. They were made of limestone, but, due to shifting traffic patterns, most have been repositioned and replaced by copies. This fountain is in the original position and has a composite capital with the heads of Herod, Herodias, Salome, and St. John the Baptist, topped with a full figure of St. John the Baptis…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Current views show the base has been redone and vegetation removed.

    The St. George Fountain was erected in front of Fribourg’s Town Hall (Rathaus or Hôtel de Ville) between 1522 and 1524. It replaced a fountain that had probably supplied water for the Zaehringen Castle, which would explain the choice of the fountain’s figure. The fountain as it stands today has a column surmounted by a sculpture (1524-1525) representing St. George on horseback killing the dragon, the only stone sculp…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Fribourg has numerous 16th-century fountains. These great basins with columns in the middle, surmounted by biblical or allegorical figures, originally served as a source of drinkable water. This one is in the original location. A sculpted gnome holds tanner’s tools, a reference to the guild in the neighborhood. The top sculpture represents Christ and the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well, a circular well above which there is a semicircular arch richly decorated with representations of t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The statue to the left is a monument to Father (Pere) Grégoire Girard (1765-1850), a Jesuit teacher, by Joseph Simon Volmar (erected 1860). The steeple spire has since been altered.

    During the Reformation Fribourg remained Roman Catholic and became a center for the Counter-Reformation. Notre-Dame is a Romanesque church, built at the end of the 12th century, altered in the 18th century, with the addition of a Baroque facade. The interior contains an 18th century Neapolitan nativity scene (cre…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This 1380 late-Gothic fountain is one of the best known in Basel and is all that remains of the medieval fish market (Fishmarkt). The water in the basin was used to ensure that the produce was always fresh. The 11 metre central column (a copy) is richly carved and painted and the three main figures are the Virgin Mary with child and scepter, St. Peter with a key and St. John with chalice and book. There are also many angels, some with musical instruments and others with the Basel coat of arms…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Statue of the Moorish king, Kaspar (shown as a Black man in the traditional iconography of the three kings of the Nativity of Jesus). It is brightly painted. The column dates from 1520, and the decagonale (ten-sided) trough was probably created by Augustin Henkel. It is part of a Late Gothic or early Renaissance tradition in Swiss city fountains, most executed between 1535-1560. The most significant sculptors in this genre were Hans Geiler (fl 1513-1534), Hans Gieng (fl 1525-1562) and Laurent…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01