Architectural Lantern Slides of India (includes present-day Pakistan)

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created under the British colonial occupation of the Indian subcontinent, the British Raj, in the late 19th and early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include gardens, mosques, palaces, pagodas, temples, and tombs. Some images include people and fashions of the time. The collection includes images from present-day India and Pakistan.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Palaces

Historical gardens

Architecture

Temples

Spatial Coverage

Delhi

Lahore

Thanjavur

Pushkar

Kolkata

Vārānasi

Agra

Fatehpur Sikri

Gwalior

Hyderābād

Chennai

Srirangam

Āmer

Udaipur

India

Ahmadabad

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Thanjavur was capital of the Chola dynasty from the mid-9th century AD to the mid-12th, in Tamil Nadu, India. The temple to Shiva as Great Lord (Brihadishvara) is a royal foundation of Rajaraja I (reigned 985-1014), after whom it is best known as Rajarajeshvara. It was consecrated in 1010. Size is its most striking feature, and in its time it must have been the largest temple in India. In addition to the tower (vimana) of the main temple, there are numerous shrines and sculptures, courtyards …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Thanjavur was capital of the Chola dynasty from the mid-9th century AD to the mid-12th, in Tamil Nadu, India. The temple to Shiva as Great Lord (Brihadishvara) is a royal foundation of Rajaraja I (reigned 985-1014), after whom it is best known as Rajarajeshvara. It was consecrated in 1010. Size is its most striking feature, and in its time it must have been the largest temple in India. In addition to the tower (vimana) of the main temple, there are numerous shrines and sculptures, courtyards …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This is not the hall traditionally called the Hall of 1,000 Columns, which has sculpted columns with rearing horses trampling tigers.

    The site contains two large temple complexes, the Vaishnava Ranganatha and the Shaiva Jambukeshvara. The Ranganatha, with its unique seven enclosures, is the largest temple complex in south India. The present temple was founded during the later Chola period, when Rajendra Chola (ca. 1025) is said to have used prisoners from Sri Lanka to divert the flood waters…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    From the late 16th century Jaina temples were built resembling wooden residential dwellings (an example is the Ajitnath), and the wada house form introduced by the Marathas became established in the area of the Bhadra. The Jaina temple of Sheth Hathsingh (1848) revived the style of medieval Gujarati architecture.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Most of the standing temples at Varanasi were constructed in the 18th century. The conventional style for the temple of this period is in typical northern (nagara) style and characterized by an emphasis on the vertical and a central soaring spire (śikhara) flanked by minor spires (śikharikas). In the typical Varanasi style is the 19th-century deep-red sandstone Durga Kund Temple (erected on ancient foundations by the Marathi Rani Bhawani) with elaborately carved columns, multiple spires and a…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shri Rangnath Venugopal temple was constructed in 1823 by Seth Puran Mal Ganeriwal of Hyderabad. The temple complex consists of the idols of the presiding diety Lord Krishna and of Rangnath, Goddess Laxmi, Goddamaji and Shri Ramanujacharya. This is the first temple of the South India Ramanuja Sampradaya (a Vishnu sect) in Rajasthan and has an unique blend of Rajasthani, Mughal and South Indian architecture. The Gopuram (entry gate) is in the South Indian style.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A temple of Shiva located in Mylapore, a suburb of Chennai (Madras). The architecture of the temple appears to be 300-400 years old. An earlier temple (referenced in hymns) may have been built in the 7th century CE by the ruling Pallavas on the shore at the location of the current St. Thomas Church but was destroyed by the Portuguese, and the current temple (which is 1-1.5 km from the shore) was built by the Vijayanagar kings during the 16th century. It is of typical Dravidian architectural s…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Four main Jain temples were constructed at Dilwara. The earliest, known as the Vimala Vasahi, was begun in 1032 by Vimala, the minister of the Solanki monarch Bhimadeva. A second temple was begun at Dilwara in 1230 by the wealthy banker Tejapala, brother of Vastupala, a minister of the Vaghelas of Gujarat. Dedicated to Neminatha, the temple is known also as the Luna Vasahi. It follows the pattern of the Vimala Vasahi but is distinguished by an increased variety and density in the sculptural o…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Four main Jain temples were constructed at Dilwara. The earliest, known as the Vimala Vasahi, was begun in 1032 by Vimala, the minister of the Solanki monarch Bhimadeva. A second temple was begun at Dilwara in 1230 by the wealthy banker Tejapala, brother of Vastupala, a minister of the Vaghelas of Gujarat. Dedicated to Neminatha, the temple is known also as the Luna Vasahi. It follows the pattern of the Vimala Vasahi but is distinguished by an increased variety and density in the sculptural o…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The temple was built by a Marwari Shrimal Jain named Rai Badridas Bahadoor Mookim in 1867. Badridas had made his fortune as a jeweler, serving as a court jeweler to the Viceroy and Governor General. The complex is subdivided into 4 areas, each with a temple. The temples are studded with mirrors and Belgian glass, covered with mosiac. They are surrounded by ornamental gardens and ponds.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01