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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The castle remains centered on the motte or artificial hill on which William the Conqueror built the first castle. Henry II constructed the Round Tower and the original stone outer wall, ca. 1165.

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    One of a series of castles that William I (reigned 1066-1087) established around London, Windsor occupied the nearest strong point in the Thames Valley to the west of the city. By the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) the creation of a large hunting forest, together with the proximity of London, made this a favoured royal residence as well as a fortress. It is the largest inhabited castle in the world and the oldest in continuous occupation. In 1992 a fire damaged approximately one-fifth of the ca…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo, is a towering cylindrical building in Rome, initially commissioned (and actually designed) by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. Originally the mausoleum was a decorated cylinder, with a garden top and golden quadriga. Hadrian’s ashes were placed here a year after his death in Baiae in 138. Following this, the r…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In 1535, Pope Clement VII allocated the toll income of the bridge to erecting the statues of the apostles saint Peter and Saint Paul.

    The famous Ponte Sant'Angelo (pedestrians only), the ancient Pons Aelius or Pons Adrianus, was built by Emperor Hadrian in 134 AD as a fitting approach from the Campus Martius to his mausoleum, known since the Middle Ages as the Castel Sant'Angelo. Although the Roman bridge was decorated with statues, it was transformed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini when he …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The center three spans are original Roman.

    The famous Ponte Sant'Angelo (pedestrians only), the ancient Pons Aelius or Pons Adrianus, was built by Emperor Hadrian in 134 AD as a fitting approach from the Campus Martius to his mausoleum, known since the Middle Ages as the Castel Sant'Angelo. Although the Roman bridge was decorated with statues, it was transformed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini when he designed the ten statues on the balustrade of angels holding the symbols of the Passion. Th…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The earliest known surviving castle is in the Loire Valley in northern France at Doué-la-Fontaine (Maine-et-Loire), dated to ca. 950, while the second oldest occurs near by at Langeais at the close of the same century. Both appeared at precisely the time and place where feudal society itself originated. Langeais is attributed to Fulk Nerra (the Black), Count of Anjou (reigned 987-1040), ‘a pioneer in the art of feudal government’ (R. Southern) and a mighty builder of castles, who used…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    First built in the 1300s as a fortified castle, it was acquired in 1453 by Pierre of Amboise, lord of Chaumont-sur-Loire. His grandson Charles II d'Amboise, governor of Gênes and of Milan, viceroy of Lombardy (1473-1511) brought back Milanese influence to the architecture; this period of the building is Flamboyant Gothic. Meillant shows two faces to the visitor. The southwest front is medieval, with massive towers facing a moat. The northeast façade is highly ornate, showing its architect…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The Renaissance château was built in the 16th century over the ruins of the medieval castle (9th century) that once stood there. Part of the medieval ramparts and the donjon are still standing. The château is privately owned, still inhabited by the family of La Roche-Aymon, descendants of Beauvilliers, Dukes of Saint-Aignan.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The château is listed as a Monument historique since 1927. It is located near Tours and was the favorite residence of King Louis XI of France (reigned 1461 to 1483), who died there on 30 August 1483. Saint Francis of Paola also resided there with the king at the time of his death. The present building is only a small part of the château originally built by Louis XI in the 15th century. The original château had three wings in the shape of a U. It would have been a country manor, and is somewha…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The name Pau means “Palisade” in Béarnais; from the 13th century there were palisades fortifying the banks of the Gave de Pau river. The castle was probably begun in the 11th century; the Mazères tower is the earliest remnant. The Montauser tower dates from the 13th century and is a square keep or donjon. The castle was expanded and fortified by Gaston III (1343-1391), Count de Foix and Viscount of Béarn; he built the 33 m high brick Monnaie tower. Henri d’ Albret and his wife, …

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public