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  • Author(s):
    Rothkopf, Ilana
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 11

    How do peace agreements lead to new constitutions? Can constitutionalizing Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) provisions supplement or reinforce CPAs? In countries emerging from civil conflict, constitutional reform is increasingly used as both a conflict-management and state-building mechanism. Nineteen of thirty-four (55.8%) CPAs in the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) dataset include a provision for constitutional reform, and constitutional reform has been initiated to some…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Josefina Echavarría, Cécile Mouly
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 7

    This brief focuses on influential factors for turning Comprehensive Peace Agreements (CPAs) into sustainable platforms for nonviolent social and political change following internal armed conflict. Taking an extensive look at peace processes involving CPAs, the authors recommend that accord negotiators anticipate implementation challenges and set priorities for accord provisions. In addition, negotiators and mediators should include safeguards in the text of peace agreement…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Rebecca Gindele, Laurel Quinn
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 8

    The Colombian Final Accord, signed in 2016, opened opportunities in the country for dialogue and increased stakeholder capacity to include women’s rights in peacebuilding programs. Effective participation of women’s organizations in the peace process has resulted in improved access to information, increased technical expertise, more opportunities to lobby and advocate for change, and strengthened implementation of the peace accord. While the evidence shows that the impleme…

    Date Created:
    2022-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Linda Quiquivix, Sarah Ihmoud, Katherine Marshall
    Abstract:
    Date Created:
    2022-05-18
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Newsletter
  • Author(s):
    Josefina Echavarría Álvarez, Ivonne Zúñiga García, Mateo Gómez Vásquez, Angela Ramírez Rincón, Ana María Rodríguez Contreras, Brenda Forero Linares, Carolina Serrano Idrovo, Cristian Sáez Flórez, Enrique Gutiérrez Pulido, Gerard Martin, Jaime Márquez Díaz, Jason Quinn, Mariana Balen Giancola, Miyerlandy Cabanzo Valencia, Madhav Joshi, Natalia Restrepo Ortiz, Patrick McQuestion, Tatiana Menjura
    Abstract:

    The Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies presents its second special report on monitoring the implementation of the ethnic approach for the November 2020–November 2021 period.This report presents the importance of progress on peace, reconciliation, and territorial and ethnic peoples’ practices of resistance. The reporting period corresponds with the fifth year anniversary of the Final Accord. The Kroc Institute team analyzed approximately 300 implementation events that occurred betw…

    Date Created:
    2022-04-28
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Prashan de Visser, Cambria C. Khayat, Siobhán McEvoy-Levy, Julio Trujillo, Naún Álvarez González
    Abstract:
    Date Created:
    2022-04-20
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Newsletter
  • Author(s):
    Isabel Güiza-Gómez, Jason Quinn, Josefina Echavarría Alvarez
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 5

    Responding to crimes committed during armed conflict often presents a challenge for negotiators and peacemakers. This brief outlines how International Humanitarian Law (IHL) can provide a framework during negotiations for peace and can later facilitate implementation of peace agreements. IHL is a set of rules intended to limit the atrocious effects of both international and internal armed conflict. It can also inform different stages of a peace process. First, during peace…

    Date Created:
    2022-01-18
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Sally Sharif
    Abstract:

    Policy Brief No. 2

    Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) programs have become an essential part of peace processes, sometimes constituting an important piece of peace negotiations and peace agreements. They generally aim at disbanding rebel wartime structures for the purpose of peace. However, when dealing with rebel groups with a strong command-and-control structure, disrupting ex-combatant communities formed during war has adverse effects on DDR. Cantonment is the temporary …

    Date Created:
    2022-01-18
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Brief
  • Author(s):
    Peace Accords Matrix, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
    Abstract:

    This report presents the status of implementation of the Final Agreement after five years through three sections of analysis. First, it presents overall implementation status as of October 2021, in accordance with results stemming from the Kroc Institute’s methodology for monitoring the 578 stipulations contained in the Final Agreement.1 Second, it lays out the main implementation milestones during these five years for each of the agreement’s six points and the cross-cutting ethnic and gender…

    Date Created:
    2021-12-03
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Peace Accords Matrix (PAM), Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
    Abstract:

    Report Two on the State of Implementation of the Colombia Peace Agreement was presented to the Commission for Monitoring, Promoting and Verifying the Implementation of the Final Agreement (CSIVI) on July 2, 2018, by the Kroc Institute’s Barometer Initiative. This policy report presents the main findings regarding the state of implementation at the 18-month mark.

    Date Created:
    2018-08-09
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Peace Accords Matrix (PAM), Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
    Abstract:

    Three years after the signing of the final peace accord between the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army (FARC-EP or FARC, in Spanish), the implementation process has come to a crucial point of transformation. The armed conflict with the former guerrilla group has ended, and the new institutional framework to execute the measures of the Agreement has been established. The process is entering a new territorial phase in which it is necessary to expand upon o…

    Date Created:
    2020-06-16
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Peace Accords Matrix (PAM), Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
    Abstract:

    Colombia’s Final Peace Accord is one of the most complex and innovative comprehensive peace agreements in history. One explanation for its pioneering character is the inclusion of an Ethnic Chapter, which contains essential considerations on the historical, structural, and disproportionate victimization that ethnic peoples suffered in the context of the Colombian armed conflict. This chapter in the peace agreement also includes principles, safeguards, and measures that seek to ensure non-regr…

    Date Created:
    2021-01-27
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report