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  • Author(s):
    Margaret Butzen, Jeremy Fein
    Abstract:

    In this study, we measured the effect of EPS on Cd and proton adsorption behaviors by measuring the extent of adsorption onto biomass with and without the EPS removed via a cation exchange resin. We conducted both Cd adsorption experiments and potentiometric titrations of biomass using three common bacterial species: one Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and two Gram-negative (Shewanella oneidensis, Pseudomonas putida) species. The Cd adsorption experiments were con- ducted as a function of m…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Margaret Butzen, Jeremy Fein
    Abstract:

    In this study, we measured the effect of EPS on Cd and proton adsorption behaviors by measuring the extent of adsorption onto biomass with and without the EPS removed via a cation exchange resin. We conducted both Cd adsorption experiments and potentiometric titrations of biomass using three common bacterial species: one Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and two Gram-negative (Shewanella oneidensis, Pseudomonas putida) species. The Cd adsorption experiments were con- ducted as a function of m…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Ádám Balog, Gergely Samu, Prashant Kamat, Casba Janáky
    Abstract:

    Detailed mechanistic understanding of the optoelectronic features is a key factor in designing efficient and stable photoelectrodes. In situ spectroelectrochemical methods were employed to scrutinize the effect of trap states on the optical and electronic properties of CuI photoelectrodes and to assess their stability against (photo)electrochemical corrosion. The excitonic band in the absorption spectrum and the Raman spectral features were directly influenced by the applied bias potential. T…

    Date Published:
    2019-01
  • Author(s):
    Tor Elmelund, Rebecca Scheidt, Brian Seger, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    MAPbBr3 and MAPbI3 films cast onto glass slides and physically paired together undergo halide exchange to form mixed halide films. The change in halide composition in these two ∼130 nm thick films occurs concurrently with Br− diffusing toward the MAPbI3 film and I− diffusing toward the MAPbBr3 film. The diffusion of these halide species, which is tracked through changes in the absorption, offers a direct measurement of thermally activated halide diffusion in perovskite films. The increase in …

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Zhuxin Dong, Jae Hyde Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in pores <0.24 nm in diameter—the size of a water molecule—indicating that permeating ions have a grossly distorted hydration shell. Analysis of the current noise powe…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
  • Author(s):
    D. E. Sviridov, V. N. Jmerik, S. Rouvimov, D. V. Nechaev, V. I. Kozlovsky, S. V. Ivanov
    Abstract:

    Spreading resistance microscopy (SRM) was used to study nanoscale variations in electronic and structural properties of an ultrathin near-surface GaN/AlN quantum well (QW). In the SRM images of the growth surface of the GaN/AlN QW heterostructure, an inhomogeneous current contrast was detected in the form of disk-like regions of increased conductivity with the sizes in the range of 50–160 nm and a density of 1.7 109 cm 2 . Analysis of the current contrast dependence on the polarity of the sam…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
  • Author(s):
    Rusen Yan, Guru Khalsa, Brian T. Schaefer, Alexander Janjour, Sergei Rouvimov, Katja Nowack, Huili Xing, Debdeep Jena
    Abstract:

    We report a systematic study of thickness-dependent superconductivity and carrier transport properties in exfoliated layered 2H-NbS2. Hall-effect measurements reveal 2H-NbS2 is a p-type metal with hole mobility of 1–3 cm2 V−1 s−1. The superconducting transition temperature is found to decrease with thickness. However, we find that superconductivity is suppressed due to disorder resulting from the incorporation of atmospheric oxygen. Cross-section transmission electron microscope imaging revea…

    Date Published:
    2019-02
  • Author(s):
    Shubin Zhang, Maksym Zhukovskyi, Boldizsar Janko, Masaru Kuno
    Abstract:

    Much effort has gone into realizing laser cooling with solids over the last two decades. Multiple attempts have been made with systems that include rare-earth doped glasses, GaAs heterostructures, CdS nanobelts and hybrid perovskite nanoplatelets. Here we suggest that CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals may eventually lead to verifiable demonstrations of condensed phase laser cooling. The highest emission quantum yield we have realized in CsPbBr3 nanocrystal ensembles is 99.9% at room temperature…

  • Author(s):
    Hahkjoon Kim, Jungyun Lee, Prakash Kamat, Jin Ho Bang
    Abstract:

    Disclosed are then inorganic membranes having a defined topography that includes pores having a defined diameter of nanometer and sub-nanometer diameter. The thin membranes are resistant to protein denaturing agents, and may be employed in analytical and clinical methods for identifying single amino acid residues within the sequence of a protein and the pores are other than NspA pores. Methods for making a thin inorganic membrane with nanopore and sub-nanopore topography and conical cone stru…

    Date Published:
    2019-03
  • Author(s):
    Alexander Mukasyan, Sergey Roslyakov, Joshua Pauls, Leighton Gallington, Tatuama Pr;pva, Xinyu Liu, Margaret Dobrowolska, Jacek Furdyna, Khachatur Manukyan
    Abstract:

    A single-step method for the preparation of metastable ε-Fe3N nanoparticles by combustion of reactive gels containing iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3) and hexamethylene-tetramine (C6H12N4) in an inert atmosphere is reported. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal analysis coupled with dynamic mass spectrometry revealed that the exothermic decomposition of a coordination complex formed between Fe(NO3)3 and HMTA is responsible for the formation of ε-Fe3N nanoscale part…

    Date Published:
    2019-05
  • Author(s):
    Rebecca Scheidt, Corey Atwell, Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    The control of grain size and surface properties is an important parameter in controlling the optoelectronic and photovoltaic properties of metal halide perovskites. When CsPbBr 3 nanocrystal (∼10 nm in diameter) films were annealed at 100−125 °C, they grow in size to produce ∼400 nm diameter crystallites while transforming into bulk perovskite films. Characteristic changes in the optical properties were noted when such transformation occurred from nanocrystals into bulk. By tracking absorban…

    Date Published:
    2019-06
  • Author(s):
    Eveline Rigo, Zhuzin Dong, Jae Hyun Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in pores <0.24 nm in diameter—the size of a water molecule—indicating that permeating ions have a grossly distorted hydration shell. Analysis of the current noise powe…