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  • Author(s):
    Laura C. Merrill, Jennifer Schaefer
    Abstract:

    One of the limiting factors in the development of magnesium batteries is the reversibility of magnesium electrodeposition and dissolution at the anode. Often irreversibility is related to impurities and decomposition. Herein we report on the cycling behavior of magnesium metal anodes in different electrolytes, Mg(HMDS)2 – 4 MgCl2 in tetrahydrofuran (THF) and a butyl sulfone/THF mixture. The deposition morphology and anode-electrolyte interface is studied and related to Mg/Mg cell cycling perf…

    Date Published:
    2019-04
  • Author(s):
    L. C. Gallington, J. M. Pauls, T. Orlova, O. M. Miloserdova, N. V. Chapysheva, A. S. Rogachev, A. S. Mukasyan
    Abstract:

    Mechanochemical synthesis of hafnium nitride ceramic powder was accomplished through direct nitridation of hafnium particles in nitrogen atmosphere during high-energy milling in a planetary ball mill. The nitrogen content was measured and evaluated to determine the reaction kinetics for hafnium – nitrogen across a range of treatment durations. The observed reaction rates are notably faster than for conventional thermal treatment, and, for hafnium treated for 5 min in the ball mill, the onset …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    Prashant Kamat
    Abstract:

    Cesium lead halide perovskite films with a systematic change in the halide composition of CsPbBr3−xIx, in which iodide concentration varies from x = 0 to x = 3, provide a built-in gradient band structure. Such a gradient structure allows for the integrated capture of visible photons and directs them to the energetically low-lying iodide rich region. Annealing gradient halide perovskite films at temperatures ranging from 50 ○C to 90 ○C causes the films to homogenize into mixed halide perovskit…

    Date Published:
    2019-10
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    Svetlana Neretina
    Abstract:

    Substrate-supported plasmonic nanostructures are distinct from their colloidal counterparts, in that they are surrounded by an asymmetric dielectric environment composed of the substrate material and the surrounding ambient. Such environments inevitably lead to plasmonic resonances and near-fields that differ from those of solution-dispersed structures. The most straightforward method for fabricating substrate-based plasmonic nanostructures is through the solid-state dewetting of ultrathin fi…

    Date Published:
    2019-07
  • Author(s):
    L. Merrill, H. Ford, L. Schaefer
    Abstract:

    The development of polymer electrolytes for magnesium batteries has been hindered by difficulties related to achieving sufficient magnesium ion conduction and magnesium electrodeposition. The high charge density of the magnesium cation causes it to interact with both the polar polymer matrix and any counteranions, challenging ion transport. Solvents and salts that are known to be incompatible with the magnesium electrode have widely been used in prior reports to increase ionic conductivity. H…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    Bumjun Park, Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jiacheng Liu, Loyal P. Murphy
    Abstract:

    Solid-state magnesium-ion conductors are desired for next-generation battery applications. Here we investigate magnesium conducting polymer electrolytes produced through dual cation exchange of a poly(ionic liquid) by mixing 1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium poly4-styrenesulfonyl(trifluoro- methanesulfonyl)imide with the magnesiated analogue Mg(PSTFSI)2. An ionic conductivity of 8.6 × 10−5 S cm−1 at 80 °C was achieved for the poly(ionic liquid), and conductivity did not significantly…

  • Author(s):
    Jeshina Janardhanan, Renee Bouley, Sisth Martinez-Caballero, Zhihong Peng, Mayte Batuecas-Mordillo, Jayda E. Meisel, Derong Ding, Valerie Schroder, William Wolter, Juan Hermoso, Shahriar Mobashery, Mayland Chang
    Abstract:

    The quinazolinones are a new class of antibacterials with in vivo efficacy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The quinazolinones target cell wall biosynthesis and have a unique mechanism of action by binding to the allosteric site of penicillin-binding protein 2a (PBP 2a). We investigated the potential for synergism of a lead quinazolinone with several antibiotics of different classes using checkerboard and time-kill assays. The quinazolinone synergized with β-lactam …

    Date Published:
    2019-03
  • Author(s):
    Michael A. VendenBerg, Edgar Ruiz Bello, Calvin Nazareth, Matthew J. Webber
    Abstract:

    The self-assembly of oppositely charged oligopeptide mixtures is evaluated, observing self-sorting into distinct, yet still interacting, nanostructures.Significant efforts in the field of supramolecular materials have strived to co-assemble small molecules in order to realize individual nanostructures with multiple, tunable activities. The design of self-assembling motifs bearing opposite charges is one commonly used method, with favorable electrostatic interactions used to promote mixing in …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    Hunter Ford, Laura Merrill, Jennifer Schaefer
    Abstract:

    Abstract: Rechargeable magnesium sulfur (Mg/S) batteries suffer from fast capacity fading due to difficulty of reoxidation of MgS and the polysulfide shuttle. Other works have reported that use of Cu current collectors or CuS at the cathode improves cycleability. Here we investigate Cu nanoparticles grown on carbon nanofibers (Cu@CNF) as an additive for the Mg/S battery cathode to test the effects of Cu metal on capacity and rate performance at controlled Cu loading. The Mg/S battery with Cu …

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    R. Marks, K. Doudrick
    Abstract:

    Chlorite (ClO 2 - ) is a disinfection byproduct formed during drinking water treatment when source waters with a high oxidant demand are disinfected with chlorine dioxide. This study investigated the reduction of… Chlorite (ClO 2 - ) is a disinfection byproduct formed during drinking water treatment when source waters with a high oxidant demand are disinfected with chlorine dioxide. This study investigated the reduction of ClO 2 - using a visible light (Vis) active photocatalyst, bismuth va…

    Date Published:
    2019-08
  • Author(s):
    Jae Hyun Park, Eamonn Kennedy, Mohammad Hokmabadi, Lisa Almonte-Garcia, Li Ding, Narayana Aluru, Gregory Timp
    Abstract:

    The size of an ion affects everything from the structure of water to life itself. In this report, to gauge their size, ions dissolved in water are forced electrically through a sub-nanometer- diameter pore spanning a thin membrane and the current is measured. The measurements reveal an ion-selective conductance that vanishes in pores <0.24 nm in diameter—the size of a water molecule—indicating that permeating ions have a grossly distorted hydration shell. Analysis of the current noise powe…

    Date Published:
    2019-05