Architectural Lantern Slides of Algeria

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created in Algeria under its French colonial occupation during the late 19th or early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include Roman ruins and more modern palace and city architecture.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Ruins

Mosques

Architecture

Spatial Coverage

Tipaza

Timgad

Tebessa

Algeria

Guelma

Algiers

Djemila

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The original Roman grid plan is magnificently visible in the orthogonal design, highlighted by the decumanus maximus (the east-west road) and the cardo (the north-south street) lined by a partially-restored Corinthian colonnade. The cardo does not proceed completely through the town but instead terminates in a forum at the intersection with the decumanus.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lamb…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    There were two large Christian complexes in the town, both of which contained a baptistery, one associated with the Donatist sect, and the other which may have belonged to the Catholic church. The Donatist cathedral baptistery (4th century CE) has a hexagonal, 3-step immersion baptismal font richly decorated with mosaics.

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwh…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    In the town no fewer than 14 bath complexes were built. The caldarium had furnaces or a hypocaust under the floor (which rested on the stone pillars shown).

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m;…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to public buildings. Following a Byzantine period, it w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Founded by Trajan in AD 100 as a colony for army veterans, the Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi, and built by soldiers stationed at Lambaesis. Although its plan is overwhelmingly military, there is little doubt that Thamugadi was intended to be a town, not a military base. Its square shape comprises a grid of 111 blocks, each 20 sq. m; most were subdivided into properties for the individual settlers, while a good number were given over to public buildings. Following a Byzantine period, it w…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The minaret is also a clock tower.

    The New Mosque (Jamaa-el-Jedid), dating from the 17th century, is in the form of a Greek cross, surmounted by a large white dome, with four small cupolas at the corners. The minaret is 90 feet (27 m) high and is also a clock tower. The interior resembles that of the Grand Mosque. The French called it Mosquée de la Pêcherie, Mosque of the Fishers, because of its location near the sea. It was built under Ottoman rule.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The colonnade of the cardo is visible beyond the arch.

    At the west end of the decumanus (east-west main road) rises a 12 m high triumphal arch, called (incorrectly) Trajan’s Arch, which was partially restored in 1900. The arch is principally of sandstone, and is of Corinthian order with three arches, the central one being 11 feet wide. The arch is also known as the Timgad Arch. It was built ca. 200 CE under the reign of Severus.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The palace (Dar) of Dey Mustapha Pacha was built in 1797. The building became the first national library in Algeria and served as that until 1948.

    The palace (Dar) of Dey Mustapha Pacha was built in 1797. The building became the first national library in Algeria and served as that until 1948. The exterior is typical of Kasbah architecture with a whitewashed exterior punctuated with many small windows and wooden beams and with a patio and balustrades on the interior.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ancient site of Tipasa (Tipaza) is adjacent to the modern village (founded 1857). The ruins have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It became a Roman municipality under Claudius in 46 CE, built on three small hills, and flourished until the Vandal invasion of 430. Christianity was early introduced, and in the third century Tipaza was a bishop’s see. Tipasa was revived under the Byzantines. The three basilicas (churches) are surrounded by cemeteries, which are full of cof…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ancient site of Tipasa (Tipaza) is adjacent to the modern village (founded 1857). The ruins have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It became a Roman municipality under Claudius in 46 CE, built on three small hills, and flourished until the Vandal invasion of 430. Christianity was early introduced, and in the third century Tipaza was a bishop’s see. Tipasa was revived under the Byzantines. The three basilicas (churches) are surrounded by cemeteries, which are full of cof…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Ahmed Bey ben Mohamed Chérif, also known as Ahmed Bey or Hadj Ahmed Bey (ca. 1784 -ca. 1850) was the last Bey of Constantine, Algeria, ruling from 1826 to 1848. With a series of courtyards surrounded by tiled arcades, the palace is filled with gardens of olive and orange trees, and decorated with Tunisian and French polychrome tiles. It was announced in 2010 that the palace will be turned into a national museum (National Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions).

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The ancient site of Tipasa (Tipaza) is adjacent to the modern village (founded 1857). The ruins have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It became a Roman municipality under Claudius in 46 CE, built on three small hills, and flourished until the Vandal invasion of 430. Christianity was early introduced, and in the third century Tipaza was a bishop’s see. Tipasa was revived under the Byzantines. The nine-aisled basilica of Bishop Alexander on the western hill had a second apse…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public