Architectural Lantern Slides of India (includes present-day Pakistan)

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Parent Collection
Architectural Lantern Slides

Description

Lantern slides created under the British colonial occupation of the Indian subcontinent, the British Raj, in the late 19th and early 20th century. These lantern slides were intended for use in architectural pedagogy. Image subjects include gardens, mosques, palaces, pagodas, temples, and tombs. Some images include people and fashions of the time. The collection includes images from present-day India and Pakistan.

Creator

G. Massiot & cie

Subject

Palaces

Historical gardens

Architecture

Temples

Spatial Coverage

Delhi

Lahore

Thanjavur

Pushkar

Kolkata

Vārānasi

Agra

Fatehpur Sikri

Gwalior

Hyderābād

Chennai

Srirangam

Āmer

Udaipur

India

Ahmadabad

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  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    This might be what is now the Usha Kiran Palace nearby?

    The palace was designed by Lt. Col. Sir Michael Filose (the grandson of an Italian, and a hereditary Scindia nobleman himself). The Scindia rulers (Maratha clan, Maharajas of Ujjain and Gwalior), who took control in the 19th century, made Gwalior one of the leading states of British India. The Lashkar district’s most famous building is the Jai Vilas Palace, built in an eclectic Indo-Classical style. The spacious durbar (audience hal…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Udaipur was chosen by Maharana Udai Singh (reigned 1567-1572) of the Sisodia Rajputs as the new capital of the Mewar state, after the previous Mewar capital, the hilltop fortress of Chittorgarh, was sacked by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The colossal City Palace was built on the east bank of Lake Pichola. The palace was begun by Udai Singh but dates mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries (building permitted by the Mughal overlords). It consists of a series of buildings faced in white plaster wi…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Situated just north of the Jahangiri Mahal is the Shah Jahan-period Khas Mahal (“Private Palace”). On the east it overlooks the river and on the west the Anguri Bagh (a four-plot garden), with water channels, fountains and cascades. The main building, of pure white marble, was profusely painted with floral patterns, which are now faded. It is situated on a terrace flanked by red sandstone pavilions that were plastered white. Each of these has a curved cornice, derived from Indian, p…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    From the late 16th century Jaina temples were built resembling wooden residential dwellings (an example is the Ajitnath), and the wada house form introduced by the Marathas became established in the area of the Bhadra. The Jaina temple of Sheth Hathsingh (1848) revived the style of medieval Gujarati architecture.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The congregational mosque (Jami‛ Masjid), is the focus of the complex. It is one of the largest and most ornately finished mosques in India. Built on a high plinth, it has a vast central courtyard (133.73 x 109.68 m) with a prayer-hall on the west and arcades on the other three sides. The prayer-hall has three domes, one over the central bay and the others over square bays that form part of the wings. The façade is dominated by the central bay’s high recessed arch, which is set within a r…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    With the disintegration of the Mughal empire in the 18th century, Lahore and its hinterland suffered frequent conquests. Although some noteworthy construction continued, the overall result was decline until the Sikh leader Ranjit Singh (died 1839) gained control of the Punjab in 1818. He commissioned buildings in a uniquely Sikh style, featuring foliated domes and decorative plasterwork. The Sikhs continued the tradition of garden construction in Lahore, and added new building types such as t…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Most of the standing temples at Varanasi were constructed in the 18th century. The conventional style for the temple of this period is in typical northern (nagara) style and characterized by an emphasis on the vertical and a central soaring spire (śikhara) flanked by minor spires (śikharikas). In the typical Varanasi style is the 19th-century deep-red sandstone Durga Kund Temple (erected on ancient foundations by the Marathi Rani Bhawani) with elaborately carved columns, multiple spires and a…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    The fortress sits on a rocky plateau above the town. In the late 14th century the Tomara Rajputs, keen patrons of music, painting and architecture, were able to assert their independence. The most splendid reminder of Tomara rule is the palace of Raja Man Singh (reigned 1486-1516), known as the Man Mandir. The palace is a multi-storey structure dramatically situated at the edge of the Fort (plateau) overlooking the city. The Hathi Por (Hindi: “elephant gate”) is richly carved and fl…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A Persian style garden built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. Construction began in 1641 CE (1051 AH) and was completed the following year. The terraced garden, later known as Shalimar Bagh, was built along a river terrace in the northeastern suburbs of the city. Inspired by the terraced gardens and water cascades of Kashmir and Central Asia, this huge garden required both canal and well water to supply its broad channels, pools and hundreds of fountains. In ad…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Approximately ten meters to the east of the tomb of Salim Chishti is the larger tomb of Islam Khan I. The tomb, while larger than that of Salim Chishti, is less dominating due to its red sandstone cladding, which blends with the rest of the complex. Islam Khan I (Shaikh Alauddin Chisti, 1570-1613) was grandson of Shaikh Salim Chishti, and became a general in the Mughal army in the reign of Jahangir. The tomb is topped by a dome and thirty-six small domed chattris, and contains a number of gra…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    Shri Rangnath Venugopal temple was constructed in 1823 by Seth Puran Mal Ganeriwal of Hyderabad. The temple complex consists of the idols of the presiding diety Lord Krishna and of Rangnath, Goddess Laxmi, Goddamaji and Shri Ramanujacharya. This is the first temple of the South India Ramanuja Sampradaya (a Vishnu sect) in Rajasthan and has an unique blend of Rajasthani, Mughal and South Indian architecture. The Gopuram (entry gate) is in the South Indian style.

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Creator(s):
    G. Massiot & cie
    Description:

    A temple of Shiva located in Mylapore, a suburb of Chennai (Madras). The architecture of the temple appears to be 300-400 years old. An earlier temple (referenced in hymns) may have been built in the 7th century CE by the ruling Pallavas on the shore at the location of the current St. Thomas Church but was destroyed by the Portuguese, and the current temple (which is 1-1.5 km from the shore) was built by the Vijayanagar kings during the 16th century. It is of typical Dravidian architectural s…

    Date Created:
    1910-01-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public