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  • Author(s):
    Paul Friesen, Ilana Rothkopf, Luis Schenoni , Maggie Shum, Romelia Solano
    Abstract:

    The 2020 election has the potential to be one of the most momentous in modern American history. Challenges to the integrity of the electoral process, threats of violence from extremist groups, and most alarmingly, President Donald Trump’s repeated refusal to guarantee a peaceful power transfer should he lose have created a climate of uncertainty about the election and its aftermath, with worrisome implications for the long-term health of American democracy.

    While these circumstances are unpr…

    Date Created:
    2020-10-08
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Gerard Powers, Ebrahim Moosa, R. Scott Appleby
    Abstract:

    The bipartisan Global Fragility Act of 2019 mandates strategic coordination across the federal government to strengthen the capacity of the United States to prevent violence and increase stability in areas of the world most vulnerable to conflict. Key agencies must jointly establish a comprehensive 10-year “Global Fragility Strategy” and select priority countries and regions in which to implement the strategy. Among its requirements, the strategy must identify approaches to engage “civil soci…

    Date Created:
    2020-09-21
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Melissa Grupen-Shemansky
    Abstract:

    This report was developed under a DARPA contract for topic Atoms to products. Two primary goals were addressed in this project. In Focus Area 1 (Assembly Development) the goal was to assemble a 10 μm microelement consisting of an anisotropic lattice of ~5000 (~100 nm) dielectric nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in a polymer electrolyte. Successful completion of the objectives of this goal required that NPs be spatially located with nm-scale precision in a polymer matrix at scales up to ~10 μm (to…

    Date Created:
    2020-04-03
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Michael Hildreth, Natalie Meyers
    Abstract:

    The FAIR Hackathon Workshop for Mathematics and the Physical Sciences (MPS) February 27-28, 2019 in Alexandria, Virginia brought together forty-four stakeholders in the physical sciences community to share skills, tools and techniques to FAIRify research data. As one of the first efforts of its kind in the US, the workshop offered participants a way to engage with FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable) Data and metrics in the context of a hackathon. The workshop wa…

    Date Created:
    2020-01-05
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Peter M. Kogge
    Abstract:

    The last decade has seen the growth of data sets that are not only extremely large, but also often unstructured and very dynamic, with the desire to extract not just specific facts about specific entities but also relationships between possibly arbitrary entities. Graphs have emerged as a valuable and productive paradigm for expressing such problems, and there has been an explosion in new graph algorithms, graph query languages, and graph engines that perform such computations. However, to da…

    Date Created:
    2019-09-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Peter M. Kogge
    Abstract:

    The last decade has seen the growth of data sets that are not only extremely large, but also often unstructured and very dynamic, with the desire to extract not just specific facts about specific entities but also relationships between possibly arbitrary entities. Graphs have emerged as a valuable and productive paradigm for expressing such problems, and there has been an explosion in new graph algorithms, graph query languages, and graph engines that perform such computations. However, given…

    Date Created:
    2019-09-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Michael Hildreth
    Abstract:

    This report reflects the deliberations and conclusions of an NSF-wide Workshop to explore the prospects for a common response to the requirements for public access to research data. Representatives of almost all of the NSF Directorates convened in Alexandria, VA, February 22 and 23, 2018, to review a diverse and multi-disciplinary collection of projects and workshops that have been conducted in the recent past. All of these activities were focused on aspects of public access to research data,…

    Date Created:
    2019-02-18
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Patrick Calderon, Kathleen Kollman, Mehak Siddiquei, Shuyuan Shen
    Abstract:

    Various migration-related controversies in the United States and the 2015 migrant crisis in Europe have raised questions about destination countries’ treatment of migrants. This report, produced in collaboration with the department of Migration and Refugee Services of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, considers the post-arrival side of immigration enforcement in the United States, Greece, and Germany through a normative lens. It asks: What does it mean for immigration enfo…

    Date Created:
    2019-02-01
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Thomas V. Merluzzi
    Abstract:

    Abstract This study investigated the effectiveness of a treatment, based on self-regulation theory, to enhance the coping self-efficacy of persons with cancer. The intervention, which is called Mastery Enhancement Therapy (MET), is based on Solution Focused Therapy. MET focuses on mastery experiences to improve the participants’ self-efficacy for coping. The participants, who volunteered for the study, were selected based their less-than-average coping self-efficacy scores and were randomly a…

    Date Created:
    2018-08-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Debra Javeline, Tracy Kijewski-Correa
    Abstract:

    As climate changes, coastal homeowners are potentially crucial actors in reducing the risks to property and human life from rising seas and increased hurricane activity. Absent strict, enforceable regulations mandating retrofitting of existing homes or major changes in homeowner insurance requirements, coastal resilience in a changing climate will largely reflect private, voluntary decisions of millions of individuals. However, research is scarce on the current risk level of U.S. coastal home…

    Date Created:
    2017-12-15
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Julie Braungart-Rieker, Elizabeth Moore, Jen Burke Lefever, Kathy Guajardo
    Abstract:

    Obesity rates in the U.S. for both children and adults are alarmingly high, particularly for those in low-income households. The current project, a partnership between Elkhart and St. Joseph Counties Head Start Consortium and the University of Notre Dame’s William J. Shaw Center for Children and Families, focused on reducing obesogenic home environments for low-income families. Focusing on home environments, particularly for young children, is important because research shows that mothers are…

    Date Created:
    2017-10-31
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report
  • Author(s):
    Michael Hildreth
    Abstract:

    This report is a direct result of consultation with the research communities funded by the Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS) Directorate at the National Science Foundation (NSF). The goal of this effort is to provide feedback to NSF on current best practices with regard to research data curation, discovery, access, preservation, and re-use, and suggestions for areas of improvement and investment that could facilitate broader curation of, access to, and re-use of research data in the fu…

    Date Created:
    2017-08-31
    Record Visibility:
    Public
    Resource Type
    Report