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  • Author(s):
    Mercedes A.Bravo, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Abstract Background Persistent disparities in academic performance may result from a confluence of adverse exposures accruing disproportionately to specific subpopulations.

    Objective Our overarching objective was to investigate how multiple exposures experienced over time affect early childhood educational outcomes. We were specifically interested in whether there were: racial/ethnic disparities in prevalence of adverse exposures; racial/ethnic disparities in associations observed between ad…

    Date Published:
    2021-07
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Ji-Young Son, Rebecca L.Muenich, Danica Schaffer-Smith, Marie Lynn Miranda , Michelle L.Bella
    Abstract:

    Background Several studies have reported environmental disparities regarding exposure to concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Public health implications of environmental justice from the intensive livestock industry are of great concern in North Carolina (NC), USA, a state with a large number and extensive history of CAFOs.

    Objectives We examined disparities by exposure to CAFOs using several environmental justice metrics and considering potentially vulnerable subpopulations.

    Met…

    Date Published:
    2021-04
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    David C. Bailey, Michael D. Seamon, Marie Lynn Miranda
    Abstract:

    Summary What is already known about this topic?

    Although various implementation strategies for SARS-CoV-2 testing on college and university campuses have been described, little has been published regarding successful responses to COVID-19 outbreaks on campus.

    What is added by this report?

    In response to a COVID-19 outbreak on a university campus in August 2020, rapid implementation of multiple measures, including aggressive testing, tracing, and isolation; enhanced data systems; and commun…

    Date Published:
    2021-01-29
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Catherine Bolten, Richard Marcantonio
    Abstract:

    Post-war Sierra Leone has experienced a population explosion that has raised questions among rural farmers about the relationship between family size and poverty. Agricultural decline and the high cost of schooling are not prompting parents to articulate a desire for smaller families; rather, they highlight that the uncertainty around articulating the “right” number of children is unresolvable because the ability to send children to school is predicated on increasing agricultural outputs that…

    Date Published:
    2021
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Helen Hockx-Yu
    Abstract:

    This is a book review for Internet Histories. https://doi.org/10.1080/24701475.2021.1932273

    Wikipedia @ 20, Stories of an Incomplete Revolution, Edited by Joseph Reagle and Jackie Koerner, The MIT Press (2020), Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England, U.S. $27.95

    Date Created:
    2021-06-10
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Laura Sill
    Abstract:

    Recap of poster sessions held during the 2020 Charleston Conference, Charleston, S.C., originally published in: Kubilius, Ramune K., and Sever Bordeianu “And They Were There — Reports of Meetings 2020 Charleston Conference”. Against the Grain. 2021, 33(1): 36-37. PDF of article posted with publisher’s permission.

    Date Published:
    2021-02
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Appiah, Lambert T., Moore, Spencer, Merchant, Anwar T., Davis, Rachel E., Botchway, Marian
    Abstract:

    Objective: We applied a social network approach to examine if three types of diabetes-related stigma (self-stigma, perceived stigma and enacted stigma) moderated associations between social network characteristics (network size, kin composition, household composition, and network density), social support, and blood glucose among Ghanaians with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Data were obtained through a cross-sectional survey of 254 adults at a diabetes clinic in Ghana that assessed…

    Record Visibility:
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  • Author(s):
    Chin, Natalie, Bowling, Laura C., Lee, Charlotte I., Hamlet, Alan F., Pignotti, Garett W., Byun, Kyuhyun, Chaubey, Indrajeet, Kines, Stephen J., Singh, Sarmistha, Neupane, Ram, Ficklin, Darren L., Cherkauer, Keith A., Rahman, Sanoar, Femeena, Pandara Valappil, Williamson, Tanja N.
    Abstract:

    Changes to water resources are critical to all sectors of the economy. Climate change will affect the timing and quantity of water available in the environment as well as have an adverse effect on the quality of that water. Floods, droughts, and changing patterns of water scarcity-when water is not available in sufficient enough quantities or of a suitable quality at the right time to fulfill demand-are all critical factors when considering how and where Indiana will be able to economically d…

    Date Published:
    2021-03-17
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Harwood, Valerie J., Rohr, Jason R., Civitello, David J., Nguyen, Karena H., Boersch-Supan, Philipp H., Mendiola, Sandra Y., Hartman, Rachel B.
    Abstract:

    Temperature constrains the transmission of many pathogens. Interventions that target temperature-sensitive life stages, such as vector controlmeasures that kill intermediate hosts, could shift the thermal optimum of transmission, thereby altering seasonal disease dynamics and rendering interventions less effective at certain times of the year and with global climate change. To test these hypotheses, we integrated an epidemiological model of schistosomiasis with empirically determined temperat…

    Date Published:
    2021-03-16
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Trouet, Valerie M., Heilman, Kelly A., Belmecheri, Soumaya, Pederson, Neil, McLachlan, Jason S., Berke, Melissa A.
    Abstract:

    Both increases in temperature and changes in precipitation may limit future tree growth, but rising atmospheric CO2 could offset some of these stressors through increased plant Water Use Efficiency (WUE). The net balance between the negative impacts of climate change and positive effects of CO2 on tree growth is crucial for ecotones, where increased climate stress could drive mortality and shifts in range. Here, we quantify the effects of climate, stand structure, and rising CO2 on both annua…

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    Public
  • Author(s):
    Pence, Julia T., Goodson, Holly, V, Molik, David C., Shepherd, Heather A. M., Ong, Joseph Y.
    Abstract:

    Continuous culture systems allow for the controlled growth of microorganisms over a long period of time. Here, we develop a novel test for mutagenicity that involves growing yeast in continuous culture systems exposed to low levels of mutagen for a period of approximately 20 days. In contrast, most microorganism-based tests for mutagenicity expose the potential mutagen to the biological reporter at a high concentration of mutagen for a short period of time. Our test improves upon the sensitiv…

    Date Published:
    2021-03-17
    Record Visibility:
    Public
  • Author(s):
    Bolster, Diogo, Sherman, Thomas, Sole-Mari, Guillem, Sweeney, Matthew R., Vassallo, Daniel, Hyman, Jeffrey
    Abstract:

    While several studies have linked network and in-fracture scale properties to conservative transport behavior in subsurface fractured media, studies on reactive transport cases remain relatively underdeveloped. In this study, we explore the behavior of an irreversible kinetic reaction during the interaction of two solute plumes, one consisting of species A and the other species B. When the plumes converge, these species react kinetically to form a new species C via A + B -> C. This reactiv…

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