Equilibrium charge fractions have been measured for 3 - 7 MeV lithium, boron,and carbon ions passing through thin carbon foils. The data are compared to the predictions of several semi-empirical models of charge equilibrium in the Ì¢"¡å_1MeV/u regime. The current work underscores the general problem of extrapolating models developed for high-Z projectiles to ions of low-Z. The charge fractions for lithium, boron and carbon ions passing through thin foils of carbon, aluminum, copper, silver, and gold are compared with the mean charge of the projectile, the functional form of the charge distribution, and the distribution width. These are parameters used to examine the effects of the electronicstructure on charge exchange for various target-projectile combinations. Projectile shell structure is found to have a large influence on the widths of the charge state distribution and the data for these low-Z ions can be used to establish a baseline for more complicated electron systems encountered with ions of higherZ. Experimental techniques and comments on the nature of the equilibrium charge states of low-Z ions are presented.
Equilibrium Charge State Distributions of Low-Z Ions Incident on Thin Self-Supporting FoilsETD
|Author||Christopher John Patrick Schmitt|
|Contributor||Philippe Collon, Committee Member|
|Contributor||Jay A. LaVerne, Committee Member|
|Degree Name||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Access Rights||Open Access|