Defining a ‘Living Wage’ in America: Transformations in Union Wage Theories, 1870-1930

Article

Abstract

Whereas union leaders in nineteenth-century America often used the phrase “a living wage” to describe appropriate compensation for skilled workers, today that phrase is typically linked to unskilled labor. I argue that the erosion of ties between skilled workers and the living wage occurred in several stages between 1900 and 1930. Having traditionally avoided quantifying the “living wage,” unions were forced to do so within arbitration hearings, especially as these proliferated during and after the First World War. Finding their proposed standards rejected by most boards, union officials turned to an alternative justification for boosting the wages of skilled workers: the need to balance productive capacity with an expanded mass consumer market. That justification would later become a central part of left-wing political economy during the New Deal, while the living wage became tied primarily to efforts to boost minimum rates.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Creator
  • Thomas A. Stapleford

Journal or Work Title
  • Labor History

Volume
  • 19

Issue
  • 1

First Page
  • 1

Last Page
  • 22

Publication Date
  • 2008

Date Created
  • 2017-01-10

Bibliographic Citation
Language
  • English

Related Resource(s)
Departments and Units
Access Rights Open Access
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Digital Object Identifier

doi:10.1080/00236560701740002

This DOI is the best way to cite this article.

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