Symbolic Control of Visual Attention: Indirect Cues

Master's Thesis


The reported experiments examine the nature of the orienting of attention in response to indirect cues (central arrow cues). Part 1 (Experiments 1-4) provides experiments that challenge the claim of involuntary made by previous studies (Eimer, 1997; Gibson & Bryant, in press; Hommel et al., 2001; Ristic et al., 2002, Tipples, 2002). Direct cues (peripheral color singletons) are used in a context where meaning-driven attentional orienting can be overridden. There is also further clarification as to the role blocking and expectancy play in any such override process. Part 2 (Experiments 5-8) includes experiments that determine if previous findings in this line of research actually do reflect attentional orienting or if they follow an alternative location compatibility account. A display size manipulation was used in order to determine whether indirect cues affected attentional orienting during search or if their effects were post-search. In contrast to much of the literature, support is found for a post-search, location compatibility account. Finally, the findings of Part 2 are reconciled with the findings of Part 1, clarifying when and under what conditions attentional orienting is occurring and what mechanisms are being overridden.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-02172005-115141

Author Ted Alan Bryant
Advisor Bradley Gibson
Contributor Bradley Gibson, Committee Chair
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Psychology
Degree Name MA
Defense Date
  • 2004-12-10

Submission Date 2005-02-17
  • United States of America

  • indirect cues

  • Symbolic control

  • attention

  • arrows

  • symbols

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


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