Athens Acropolis: Erechtheion: Historic view of the caryatid in the British Museum, taken by Lord Elgin



As displayed in the early 20th century. Parthenon Ionic frieze in mid background, Ionic frieze from temple of Apollo Epikourios at Bassai in top background.

The third great 5th-century BCE marble building on the Acropolis is known as the Erechtheion, though this name (Erechtheos was a mythical king of Athens) has been challenged. Since the Parthenon stands immediately to the south, the architect of the Erechtheion did not attempt to make the building compete directly with this outstanding example of the Doric order, and instead chose the more ornate and delicate Ionic order. The building has an unusually complex plan. Its steeply sloping site also created drastic variations in building levels. It is famous for the smaller prostyle porch with six caryatids added to the west end of its south side–the “Porch of the Maidens.”


Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Erechtheion

  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Statues

  • Sculpture, Greek

  • Architecture

  • Caryatids

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Greek (ancient)

  • Classical

Place of Creation
  • Athens

  • +37.972222+23.726389

  • Akrópolis (Athens, Periféreia Protevoúsis, Greece): north side of the Acropolis

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Greece


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