Karnak, Precinct of Amun-Re: Obelisks of Thutmose I and Hatshepsut before Fourth Pylon

Image

Description

The largest precinct of Karnak is that of Amun, which is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure wall, orientated to the four points of the compass. This wall, built by Nectanebo I (reigned 380-362 BCE), was 2.5 km in length, with four monumental and four secondary gates. Inside it there are the levelled remains of previous ramparts, which show that the sacred precincts had been extended. The Temple of Amun was built on a mound that symbolized the first land to emerge from the primordial swamp. The Amun complex incorporated a Sacred lake, which was supposed to represent the swamp in which the sun-god Re first manifested himself. The extensions along the north-south axis comprise a succession of four pylons (VII-X) and triumphal gates, which separate four courts, including the ‘Cachette Court’. The jubilee temple of Amenophis II (reigned ca. 1426-ca. 1400 BCE) straddled the east wall of the fourth court (between pylons IX and X).

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Precinct of Amun-Re

Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Architecture

  • Temples

  • Ruins

  • Obelisks

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • New Kingdom (Egyptian)

  • Egyptian (ancient)

Place of Creation
  • Karnak

  • +25.71874+32.6574

  • Karnak (Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt): east bank of the Nile, 3 km north of Luxor

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License

Collections

Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Egypt

Files

Please Note: You may encounter a delay before a download begins. Large or infrequently accessed files can take several minutes to retrieve from our archival storage system.