Equilibrium Charge State Distributions of Low-Z Ions Incident on Thin Self-Supporting Foils

Doctoral Dissertation


Equilibrium charge fractions have been measured for 3 - 7 MeV lithium, boron,and carbon ions passing through thin carbon foils. The data are compared to the predictions of several semi-empirical models of charge equilibrium in the Ì¢"¡å_ 1MeV/u regime. The current work underscores the general problem of extrapolating models developed for high-Z projectiles to ions of low-Z. The charge fractions for lithium, boron and carbon ions passing through thin foils of carbon, aluminum, copper, silver, and gold are compared with the mean charge of the projectile, the functional form of the charge distribution, and the distribution width. These are parameters used to examine the effects of the electronic structure on charge exchange for various target-projectile combinations. Projectile shell structure is found to have a large influence on the widths of the charge state distribution and the data for these low-Z ions can be used to establish a baseline for more complicated electron systems encountered with ions of higher Z. Experimental techniques and comments on the nature of the equilibrium charge states of low-Z ions are presented.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-07152010-121624

Author Christopher John Patrick Schmitt
Advisor Philippe Collon
Contributor Philippe Collon, Committee Member
Contributor Jay A. LaVerne, Committee Member
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Physics
Degree Name PhD
Defense Date
  • 2010-07-02

Submission Date 2010-07-15
  • United States of America

  • equilbrium mean charge

  • charge state distributions

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


Please Note: You may encounter a delay before a download begins. Large or infrequently accessed files can take several minutes to retrieve from our archival storage system.