Novel Multiscale Algorithms for Molecular Dynamics

Doctoral Dissertation

Abstract

In post-genomic computational biology and bioinformatics, long simulations of the dynamics of molecular systems, particularly biological molecules such as proteins and DNA, require advances in time stepping computational methods. The most severe problem of these algorithms is instability. The objective of this dissertation is to present original work in constructing multiscale multiple time stepping (MTS) algorithms for molecular dynamics (MD) that allow large time steps. First, through nonlinear stability analysis and numerical experiments, we reveal that MTS integrators such as Impulse suffer nonlinear overheating when $Delta t = T/3$ or possibly $Delta t = T/4$ when constant–energy MD simulations are attempted, where $Delta t$ is the longest step size and $T$ is the shortest period of the modes in the system. Second, we present Targeted MOLLY ™, a new multiscale integrator for MD simulations. TM combines an efficient implementation of B-spline MOLLY exploiting analytical Hessians of energies and a self–consistent dissipative leapfrog integrator. Results show that TM allows very large time steps for slow forces (and thus multiscale) for the numerically challenging flexible TIP3P water systems (Jorgensen, {it et al.} J. Chem. Phys., vol 79, pp 926–935, 1983) while still computing the dynamical and structural properties accurately. Finally, we show yet another new MOLLY integrator, the Backward Euler (BE) MOLLY in which hydrogen bond forces can easily be included in the averaging and thus stability might be further improved.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
URN
  • etd-07032003-150352

Author Qun Ma
Advisor Jesus A Izaguirre
Contributor Jesus A Izaguirre, Committee Chair
Contributor Menelaos I Karavelas, Committee Member
Contributor Ryan K Roeder, Committee Member
Contributor Gregory Madey, Committee Member
Contributor J Daniel Gezelter, Committee Member
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Computer Science and Engineering
Degree Name Doctor of Philosophy
Defense Date
  • 2003-06-26

Submission Date 2003-07-03
Country
  • United States of America

Subject
  • KAM theory

  • mollified Impulse method

  • nonlinear instability

  • targeted Langevin stabilization

  • long molecular dynamics simulations

  • multiple time stepping

  • Verlet-I/r-RESPA/Impulse

Publisher
  • University of Notre Dame

Language
  • English

Access Rights Open Access
Content License
  • All rights reserved

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