Vézelay, Sainte Madeleine: Detail, Nave Capital Salet Number 56: Moses and the Golden Calf

Image

Description

Sculpture dates from 1120-1138. The subject is the Old Testament story of Moses confronting the Golden Calf- an idol created by the Israelites while Moses was absent (Exodus XXXII, 15-19). A demon sits atop the Golden Calf. Location is north side of nave, sixth arcade pier.

Former Cluniac abbey and pilgrimage church in Burgundy, France. Founded in the mid-9th century by Girart de Roussillon. Vézelay’s prosperity in the 11th and 12th centuries was based on its possession of the putative relics of St Mary Magdalene; the abbey declined from the late 13th century. The iconography of sculpture at Vézelay relates to the Crusades. A serious fire in 1120 appears to have necessitated the rebuilding of the nave, although the transept and choir, which may have suffered little damage, were retained. The polychrome masonry of the transverse arches, employing various limestones from local quarries, is visually striking and may derive from Spanish sources (e.g. the Mezquita, Córdoba). The restoration of St. Madeleine under the auspices of Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc began in 1840.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Basilique Sainte-Marie-Madeleine

Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Decorative arts

  • Sculpture, French

  • Architecture

  • Churches

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Romanesque

Place of Creation
  • Vézelay, Burgundy, France: Yonne département

  • +47.466389+3.748611

  • Vézelay

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License

Collections

Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of France

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