Nymphaeum, "Temple of Minerva Medica": Overall view



There is no mention of it in ancient literature or inscriptions. It was erroneously associated with the Temple to Minerva Medica mentioned by Cicero. In 1534 some antiquarians classed “Minerva Medica” as a bath because of its popular name, “Terme di Caluce”, but it was identified as a basilica by Biondo and his followers. It stands in what was the Licinian Gardens. The dome was created by brick ribs and concrete fill. It is now thought to be a Nymphaeum, a garden structure that involved the water supply for the Horti Liciniani (Licinian Gardens), on the Esquiline Hill. The decagonal structure in opus latericium is relatively well preserved, the full dome having collapsed only in 1828. It is surrounded on three sides with other chambers added at a later date.


Attribute NameValues
  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Temples

  • Gardens

  • Architecture

  • Ruins

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Imperial (Roman)

Place of Creation
  • Rome, Lazio, Italy

  • +41.893889+12.511944

  • Rome

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Italy


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