Hieronymites Monastery: Exterior detail showing the upper and lower arcade of the cloister

Image

Description

Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. João de Castilho completed the cloister, crowning it with an upper storey.

Established near Toledo in 1374, the Hieronymite Order soon became popular in Spain and Portugal, and in 1415 it numbered 25 houses. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) founded S Maria de Belém, a chapel of the Order of Christ, for mariners. Soon after his accession Manuel I (reigned 1495-1521) decided to build a grand monastery for the Hieronymite Order, which would continue to serve mariners as well as providing a burial place for the king. It also commemorated Vasco da Gama’s successful return from India and was built with money from the spice trade; he is buried in the church. This project drained funds from the work at Batalha, which remained unfinished. The complex includes the church, monastery, sacristy, and refectory. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Mosteiro dos Jerónimos

Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Architecture

  • Monasteries

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Manueline

  • Late Gothic

  • Plateresque

Place of Creation
  • Belém (Lisbon, Distrito de Lisboa, Portugal): Santa Maria de Belém, or just Belém is a parish (neighborhood) of Lisbon, located 6 km west of the present city center

  • Belém

  • +38.6975-9.206667

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License

Collections

Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Portugal

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