Pena National Palace: Exterior detail, fanciful, heavily ornamented lower access gate



Bristles with decorative forms, and coats of arms in a mix of revival styles including Gothic, Manueline and Mudéjar forms.

It is a national monument and constitutes one of the major expressions of 19th century Romanticism in the world. The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site began as a small shrine and later monastery, built 1493. From 1839 Ferdinand II and Wilhelm Ludwig Eschwege built the Palácio da Pena in a Romantic style, incorporating the remains of the Hieronymite monastery. It is magnificently set on a peak surrounded by the forested Pena Park and incorporates a variety of architectural styles and references to famous Portuguese buildings. The restoration of the Manueline style monastery led to the revival of Gothic, Manueline and Mudéjar forms.


Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Palácio Nacional da Pena

  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Gates

  • Architecture

  • Decorative arts

  • Castles

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Nineteenth century

  • Gothic Revival

  • Romantic

Place of Creation
  • +38.787778-9.390556

  • Sintra, Distrito de Lisboa, Portugal: São Pedro de Penaferrim municipality; Estrada da Pena

  • Sintra

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Portugal


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