Shalimar Gardens, Lahore: Children on one of the marble viewing platforms by a pool, pavilions in the background
A Persian style garden built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. Construction began in 1641 CE (1051 AH) and was completed the following year. The terraced garden, later known as Shalimar Bagh, was built along a river terrace in the northeastern suburbs of the city. Inspired by the terraced gardens and water cascades of Kashmir and Central Asia, this huge garden required both canal and well water to supply its broad channels, pools and hundreds of fountains. In addition to its monumental scale and waterworks, Shalimar Bagh transformed the spatial fabric of Lahore, attracting roadways and residential development into the area.