The Paradox of Heideggerian Politics

Doctoral Dissertation
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Abstract

Heidegger is often said to be the most important philosopher of the twentieth century, but the political import of his thought is by no means easily discernible. He has been associated with a striking variety of political positions, from left to right, West to East, peaceful to violent. This dissertation argues that this variety is best understood as deriving from two discreet inflections: a particularist-revolutionary inflection and the quietist-awaiting inflection. The “paradox” of Heideggerian politics is the necessary proximity of these two inflections to one another. The proximity derives from the treatment of actually existing “everyday” arrangements and institutions as at once essentially paltry, ephemeral, and evanescent and yet also constituting the only available route to the most important question, the question of being. Of the two inflections, the “particularist-revolutionary” treats the everyday as the product of arbitrary and willful historical human activity and thus calls for a revolutionary retrieval of unexhausted resources from a people’s “ownmost” history. The “quietist-awaiting” inflection, however, regards the existing status quo as having been granted by the unfathomable endowments of Being and therefore entails a submission to the political order as it has been determined and a quietist waiting for a new dispensation of Being. Through supplying textual interpretations of several of Heidegger’s most important writings, the dissertation argues that the ambiguous political import of Heidegger’s thought derives from his characteristic approach to fundamental ontology. It concludes that Heidegger’s bequest to his successors is the requirement, for which his thought does not supply adequate means, to negotiate the tension between the demand for the revolutionary transformation of politics and the retreat from politics.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
URN
  • etd-03042011-152602

Author Alexander Selkirk Duff
Advisor Catherine Zuckert
Contributor Michael Zuckert, Committee Member
Contributor Michael Gillespie, Committee Member
Contributor Dana Villa, Committee Member
Contributor Catherine Zuckert, Committee Chair
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Political Science
Degree Name PhD
Defense Date
  • 2010-11-16

Submission Date 2011-03-04
Country
  • United States of America

Subject
  • revolution

  • Political Philosophy

  • quietism

  • Martin Heidegger

Publisher
  • University of Notre Dame

Language
  • English

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

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