Why Don't You Join Us? Grievances, Organizational Membership, Protest Opportunities, and Protest Participation

Master's Thesis


Using survey data from a representative sample of adults in the United States, this article examines the effects of grievances and voluntary organizational membership on protest invitation and protest participation. Instead of comparing protestors to non-protestors, it looks at protest participation as a two-step process. First, people are invited (or not) to protest. Second, they accept (or not) the invitation. The article shows that aggrieved individuals are more likely to be invited to protest. Yet grievances do not have a significant direct effect on protest participation. Membership in political, collective identity, and community service organizations increase the likelihood of being invited to protest. But only political organizations contribute to protest participation after controlling for the effect of protest invitation.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-07072006-113712

Author Nicolas M. Somma
Advisor Rory McVeigh
Contributor Jackie Smith, Committee Member
Contributor Daniel Myers, Committee Member
Contributor Rory McVeigh, Committee Chair
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Sociology
Degree Name MA
Defense Date
  • 2006-06-28

Submission Date 2006-07-07
  • United States of America

  • social movements

  • protest

  • voluntary organizations

  • grievances

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


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