White Stars and Stripes: The Effect of Race on Flag Displays at U.S. Protest Events

Master's Thesis


Protest participation speaks to group and individual civic engagement patterns, and collective identity mechanisms. Using the 2011 National Survey of Protest Events (NSPE), this paper investigates the question: how does U.S. flag use in protests vary by the racial composition of the protest? A critical analysis of the racist, colonialist, and exclusionary creation of the U.S. flag, theories on insider and outsider dynamics, as well as the racial formation process, demonstrate how the U.S. flag has been largely coopted by majority white protest groups, and majority non-white protest groups are less likely to use the flag in their claims making efforts. This project contributes to our understanding of the relationship between race, social movements, and collective identity.


Attribute NameValues
Author Nancy Aguillón Díaz
Contributor Jennifer Jones, Committee Member
Contributor Terry McDonnell, Committee Member
Contributor Kraig Beyerlein, Research Director
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Sociology
Degree Name Master of Arts
Banner Code
  • MA-SOC

Defense Date
  • 2019-08-22

Submission Date 2019-11-05
Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units
Catalog Record


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