Stereotype and Generalization in Herodotus and the Temple of Athena Nike: The Creation of the Eastern Other

Master's Thesis


The purpose of this paper is to analyze a larger and more general context for the formation of Athenian/Panhellenic identity and its attitude towards and construction of Persian/barbarian identity during the fifth century BCE by employing Herodotus as a lens to examine the south frieze of the Temple of Athena Nike. Like Herodotus, this frieze offers an organized representation of not only Persian/barbarian identity but also of Athenian/Panhellenic identity during the period immediately following the Persian Wars. While Herodotus has been employed in past scholarship to read a very specific battle scene from the Persian Wars on the south frieze, this analysis will use Herodotus to understand the general character and spirit of what I argue is a more symbolic battle between Greeks and Easterners. This symbolic battle represents a scene of West versus East, and it is my goal to use Herodotus to suggest some of the particular stereotypes and generalizations with which such a confrontation could be described and understood.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-04202014-131038

Author Erin Elizabeth Daly
Advisor Robin Rhodes
Contributor Christopher Baron, Committee Member
Contributor Kathleen Pyne, Committee Member
Contributor Robin Rhodes, Committee Chair
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Art, Art History, and Design
Degree Name MA
Defense Date
  • 2014-04-10

Submission Date 2014-04-20
  • United States of America

  • Temple of Athena Nike

  • Herodotus

  • Stereotype

  • Eastern Other

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


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