Temple Church: Interior, nave of the Round Church with effigy tombs

Image
Und:f4752f78k4q

Description

The original columns of dark Purbeck marble, seen here, were replaced with replicas after damage in WWII. There are 9 marble effigy tombs of medieval knights in the nave.

The church building comprises two separate sections. The original nave section, called the Round Church, and an adjoining rectangular section, built approximately half a century later, called the Chancel. It was designed to recall the holiest place in the Crusaders’ world: the circular Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. After the destruction and abolition of the Knights Templar in 1307, Edward II took control of the church as a Crown possession. It was later given to the Knights Hospitaller, who rented the Temple to two colleges of lawyers. Both colleges shared the use of the church. The colleges evolved into the Inner and Middle Temples, two of the four Inns of Court (the other two being Lincoln’s Inn and Gray’s Inn).

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Churches

  • Architecture

  • Tombs

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Gothic (Medieval)

Place of Creation
  • London, England, United Kingdom

  • +51.5132-0.1104

  • London

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Access Rights Open Access
Content License

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Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of United Kingdom