Baalbek: Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus, propylaeum



The temple complex consists of a monumental propylaeum, a hexagonal forecourt and a rectangular court containing a centrally placed tower altar and dominated by the vast Temple of Jupiter at its western end.

Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, a large and important ancient city; was identified with worship of Baal, a Semitic sun-god (thus the name Heliopolis); most buildings were erected under reign of Roman Antoninus Pius 138-161. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus (begun ca. 1st century BCE), the exceptionally well preserved ‘Temple of Bacchus’ (2nd century CE) and an elegant circular temple perhaps dedicated to Venus (3rd century CE). The ancient city lay on the caravan route from Damascus and Palmyra to the Phoenician coastal cities and was occupied from prehistoric times, although it did not become important until the Hellenistic period (323-27 BCE).


Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Heliopolis Syriae [site]

  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Decorative arts

  • Temples

  • Architecture

  • Walls

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Greco-Roman

  • Hellenistic

Place of Creation
  • Ba'labakk

  • Ba'labakk, Al-Biqaʻ, Lebanon: situated east of the Litani River, 64 km to the north-east of Beirut

  • +34.006944+36.203889

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Lebanon


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