An Evaluation of the Interactions Between Acute Stress, Cortisol, Oxytocin and Working Memory Performance

Doctoral Dissertation

Abstract

The peptide hormone oxytocin (OT) may influence human cognition by affecting basic processes such as working memory (WM). To date, those effects have not been examined in healthy humans. A second line of research suggests that OT may reduce stress (i.e., cortisol) in men (Heinrichs et al., 2003). Separate evidence indicates that hormones released during acute stress (e.g., cortisol) can impair or enhance WM (Wolf, 2008). Therefore, OT’s stress-reducing (and potential WM) effects may alter the impact of stress on WM performance and levels of cortisol. In a 2 X 2 double-blind design, 100 healthy men received an intranasal dose of OT or a placebo before participating in a stress or control procedure and completing two counterbalanced WM tasks. Participants who received OT had more errors during the WM tasks than those who received the placebo. Those who received OT and were exposed to stress had significantly greater cortisol than those who only received OT or those who were exposed to stress. OT may affect broader patterns of human behavior by decreasing attention and stimulating increases in cortisol after stress.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Author Allison E. Gaffey
Contributor Bradley Gibson, Committee Member
Contributor Scott Monroe, Committee Member
Contributor Michelle Wirth, Research Director
Contributor Charles Crowell, Committee Member
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Psychology
Degree Name Doctor of Philosophy
Defense Date
  • 2015-05-27

Submission Date 2016-12-06
Subject
  • physiological psychology

Language
  • English

Record Visibility Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units

Files

Please Note: You may encounter a delay before a download begins. Large or infrequently accessed files can take several minutes to retrieve from our archival storage system.