Great Mosque of Damascus: Ablution fountain and raised terrace, central courtyard



The Great Mosque of Damascus constructed by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I (reigned 705-715), is a seminal monument of Islamic architecture. The site chosen was the holiest in the city, having successively held temples to the Syrian storm-god Hadad and Jupiter Damascenus and the church of John the Baptist (the mosque still contains a shrine to John the Baptist). The prayer hall used the existing propylaeum and is laid out internally on an east-west axis like a Christian basilica.


Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Umayyad Mosque

  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Architecture

  • Mosques

  • Fountains

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Umayyad

Place of Creation
  • Damascus, Dimashq, Syria

  • +33.511944+36.306667

  • Damascus

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Syria


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