The stress-generation model of depression (Hammen, 1991) posits that people with current or past depression behave in ways that generate more frequent negative stressful life events, and that this, in turn, leads to the maintenance or recurrence of depression. This model has been well-supported, but investigations have primarily focused on associations between global traits and later stress. This study employs sequential analysis of utterance-by-utterance coded marital interactions for evidence of specific behaviors contributing to interpersonal stress generation. Results indicated that negative comments about the spouse and positive comments about the self elicit criticism, whereas negative self-comments, positive-spouse comments, and positive-situation comments elicit support. Contrary to hypotheses, partners with a history of depression did not engage in more criticism-eliciting behaviors than never-depressed partners; however, they did engage in more support-eliciting behaviors (when controlling for dyadic adjustment) even though their spouses did not provide more support, which supports the excessive-reassurance seeking model.
|Advisor||David A. Smith|
|Contributor||Scott M. Monroe, Committee Member|
|Contributor||David A. Smith, Committee Chair|
|Contributor||Lee Anna Clark, Committee Member|
|Degree Level||Master's Thesis|
|Departments and Units|