Winter Palace: Overall raking view of long facade facing Palace Square and right corner

Image

Description

Lantern slide labeled Petrograd.

The official seat of the government of Russia from 1712 to 1917, it is sited on the left bank of the River Neva, east of the Admiralty, and is now part of the Hermitage Museum. There have been four successive palaces on the site, the first two of wood and destroyed by fire. Bartolomeo Carlo Rastrelli and Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli built the new, stone, Third Winter Palace (1732-1736) for Empress Anne (reigned 1730-1740). Anne’s palace was demolished and its foundations used as the base for the west wing of the new (fourth) palace. In 1754 Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli began building the Fourth Winter Palace for Empress Elizabeth (reigned 1741-1761), also in stone. Rastrelli, who was assisted by Yury Fel'ten, finished the present, Fourth Winter Palace in 1762. Four massive three-storey ranges linked by broad galleries surround a courtyard. Each façade is individual, but the principal ones are on the north and south. In the northern part, facing the Neva, are the staterooms and the ceremonial staircase, originally called the Posol'skaya or Ambassadorial Staircase. The south side faces the square and the city; a three-arched gateway leads into the courtyard. The interior was rebuilt after a fire in 1837 with some efforts at restoration and the rest as new decoration.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Zimni dvorets

Creator
  • G. Massiot & cie

Subject
  • Architecture

  • Museums

  • Palaces

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Eighteenth century

  • Baroque

Place of Creation
  • Saint Petersburg

  • +59.941+30.3129

  • Saint Petersburg, Rossiya, Russia: 38 Palace Embankment

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License

Collections

Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Russia (includes present-day Ukraine and Georgia)

Files

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