Entropy Generation in a Highly-Loaded, Axial Turbine

Doctoral Dissertation


Entropy generation in a highly-loaded, axial turbine stage was investigated at on and off-design conditions. Deviation angle, total pressure, total temperature, and specific entropy change were measured experimentally and used as validation for a RANS simulation. A RANS entropy transport model was proposed in order to decompose entropy transport into reversible and irreversible components. Experimental measurements determined that the simulation over-predicted entropy in regions where the fluid was under-turned. Investigation of the numerical simulation identified localized regions within the blade passage that were associated with significant entropy generation. Furthermore, the interaction of reversible entropy transport and entropy generation was identified in these regions. Entropy generation was most significant in the suction-surface boundary layer and the passage vortex. Reversible entropy transport transferred the entropy generated in these regions to adjacent areas. Entropy generation at on and off-design conditions was investigated. It was discovered that the viscous component of entropy generation was the most significant component at all operating points investigated.


Attribute NameValues
  • etd-12022014-084612

Author Ethan Perez
Advisor Scott Morris
Contributor Joshua Cameron, Committee Member
Contributor Aleksandar Jemcov, Committee Member
Contributor Scott Morris, Committee Chair
Contributor Thomas Corke, Committee Member
Degree Level Doctoral Dissertation
Degree Discipline Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
Degree Name PhD
Defense Date
  • 2014-11-21

Submission Date 2014-12-02
  • United States of America

  • axial turbine

  • entropy

  • turbomachinery

  • entropy generation

  • University of Notre Dame

  • English

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units


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