Church of Saint John, Byblos: View of entry portico and bell tower



Byblos (the ancient Greek name; modern name is Jubayl) is believed by many to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Under the name of Gibelet or Giblet, it was an important military base in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 11th and 12th century. The church of St. John was built in the Romanesque style, completed ca. 1215. Work on the church started during the crusades in 1116. It was considered a cathedral and was partially destroyed during an earthquake in 1176. It was transformed into stables by Islamic forces after the fall of the city, and was given to the Maronites as a gift by Prince Youssef Chehab of Lebanon in the mid 1700s, after they aided him in capturing the city.


Attribute NameValues
Alternate Title
  • Church of Saint John the Baptist

  • G. Massiot & cie

  • Architecture

  • Churches

Date Created
  • 1910-01-01

Date Digitized
  • 2007-01-01

Cultural Context
  • Romanesque

  • Crusader (style)

Place of Creation
  • Jubayl, Mont-Liban, Mohafazat [governorate], Lebanon

  • +34.121516+35.645194

  • Jubayl

Departments and Units
Member of
Temporal Coverage
  • before or circa 1910

Record Visibility Public
Content License


Collections Featuring this Image
Architectural Lantern Slides of Lebanon


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