Diffusion Coefficients and 1-Octanol-Water Partition Coefficients of Ionic Liquids

Master's Thesis

Abstract

Two physical properties of ionic liquids were studied for this thesis, namely diffusion coefficients and octanol-water partition coefficients (KOW). Diffusion coefficients of CO2 into various ionic liquids (IL) were measured at atmospheric pressure because they are needed for properly designing processes. Values of the diffusion coefficients ranged between 1.8 x 10-6 cm2/s for an IL with viscosity of 603 cP and 1.2 x 10-5 cm2/s for an IL with viscosity of 14 cP. Diffusion coefficients increased in a linear fashion with the inverse of the IL’s viscosity. KOWs of imidazolium-based ILs were measured to help characterize ILs’ potential environmental impact prior to widespread industrial use. The effect of chemical structure on the KOW was measured. The KOWs were extremely low, ranging between 0.001 and 11.1, indicating that the ILs have extremely low bioconcentration and soil adsorption potential.

Attributes

Attribute NameValues
URN
  • etd-12032004-144320

Author Laurie Ropel
Advisor Dr. Joan Brennecke
Contributor Dr. Joan Brennecke, Committee Chair
Contributor Dr. Edward Maginn, Committee Member
Contributor Dr. David Leighton, Committee Member
Degree Level Master's Thesis
Degree Discipline Chemical Engineering
Degree Name MSChE
Defense Date
  • 2004-12-10

Submission Date 2004-12-03
Country
  • United States of America

Subject
  • octanol

  • diffusion

  • partition

  • ionic liquid

  • water

Publisher
  • University of Notre Dame

Language
  • English

Record Visibility and Access Public
Content License
  • All rights reserved

Departments and Units

Files

Please Note: You may encounter a delay before a download begins. Large or infrequently accessed files can take several minutes to retrieve from our archival storage system.